[50 MARKS|
You are required to answer only one question from this section. Your answer should not be less than 450 words. All questions carry equal marks. You are advised to spend about 45 minutes on this section.

1. Your mother has written to you asking of the profession you would like to pursue after leaving secondary school. Reply her letter, stating your preferred profession and giving reasons for making the choice.

2. Write a story to illustrate the saying: Charity begins at home.

3. You are the chief speaker in a debate on the topic: The Establishment of Federal Government Colleges is a Blessing to the Nigerian Child. Write your argument for or against the proposition.

4. Write an article suitable for publication in your school magazine on the topic: Indiscipline among Secondary School Students and Ways of Curbing it.

(20 MARKS)
You are advised to spend about 30 minutes on this section
Read the passage below carefully and answer the questions on it.
In this part of the world, one group that is yet to be appreciated by many is the “Teacher”. The teacher belongs to the noble profession. He is the molder of the society who frames the minds of the young ones that will take charge of the economic sector of the country in future. He develops the intellectual capacity of the would-be leaders. He develops from the cradle the analytical mind of the future diplomats and nutures to fruition the ideals of great political thinkers.

When religious leaders fail to impart the right knowledge, the teacher takes up the gawntlet for the re-orientation of the child when has been indoctrinated with the teaching of affluence and fanaticism This re-orierntation is done using moral instructions in schools.
He emphasises the need for justice, love, honesty, sincerity, diigence, discipline, reward and punishment.

The teacher re-discovers the positive value in the mal-adjuned children. The  guidance counselor -a teacher-has been forced to perform the abandoned roles of the parents.

However, it is disappointing that all these become slave labour as the teacher has been seriously denigrated. The efforts of the teacher are not appreciated by the parents who  have neglected their duties, bandoning them to the techer. The teacher, a builder of nations” human resources”, is unfortunately despised and neglected by the people he made
and institutions he is serving. The ruling class does not care about him. His issues ase not looked upon as important and are hardly remembered in parliament. His good work is remembered only during graduation ceremonies but forgotten as soon as the imparted knowledge places one in a position of authority.

The teacher who depends on the society which ought to protect him incidentally, has been enveloped by so much insensitivity of the society such that he is now abandoned to his fate.

The teacher has been unjustly accused of imposition of all forms of illegal levies and given all manner of names. He is the target of every othet group critical of the falling standard of education whereas the teacher has no power to improve on the infrastructure of the school and has no access to grants for impeovement of libraries or laboratorics. He is only to be seen and not to be beard. Consequently, the teacher cannot disabuse the mind of the misinformed public that has failed to ecognize his role as the greatest contributor to national growth and development.

Under this circumstance that the teacher has found himself, he has to work harder in order to train and produce better informed leaders. If he relaxes, things would get worse. If he works harder, there is hope that tomorrow would be better for the nation and for him.

(a) State two attributes of the teacher as mentioned in the passage.
(b) Mention two instances in the passage that show that the public has been misinformned about the roles of the teacher.
(c) What irony of life is highlighted in the passage?
(d) What wrong values do religious leaders impart on the child?
(e) How has the teacher corrected this teaching?
(f) “.the teacher takes up the gauntlet..”
What does the expression above mean?
(g) “…who have neglected their duties…”
(i) What grammatical name is given to this expression?
(ii) What is its function in the sentence?
Find one word or phrase which is nearest in meaning to and can at the
same time replace each of the following words as used in the pussage:
(ii) cradle
(iii) impart
(iv) affluence
(v) denigrated
(vi) important

You are advised to spend about 30 minutes on this section.
Read the passage below carefully and answer the question on it.

A nation that is democratic usually would have democratic institutions. One of such institutions is the electoral commission. Constitutionally, the commission is a body responsible for organising and conducting elections in a political system. In other words, it is as an independent and impartial body mandated to organise and conduct elections in a given country. It has a chairman as the head and other members. For Instance, Nigeria has had several electoral commissions with different designations. Some of these are the
Federal Electoral Commission of Nigeria (FEDECO), the National Electoral Commission (NEC), the National Electoral Commission of Nigeria (NECON) and the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC). The above-named comnmissions are merely achange of nomenclature but the functions remain the same.

The statutory functions of the Commission need not be over-emphasised as they are
aimed at conducting free and fair elections. The Commission is saddled with the responsibility of dividing the country into constituencies or electoral districts. The advantage is that it gives the electorate the opportunity to express their franchise easily.
But the disadvantage is that it may lead to gerrymandering. That is, the leaders may construct the clectoral districts in such a way as to give the majority party more representations in the parliament.
Political parties are registered according to laid down rules and regulations. In Nigeria, for example, before the conduct of the 2011 elections, INEC registered over 50 political parties that participated in the elections. In addition, the Commission also registered
eligible voters. This is done manually or electronically. The expression of franchise by voters may take the form of restricted or universal adult suffrage. However, the latter is
the most popular and universally acknowledged. It is constitutional and democratic because all qualified adults are allowed to vote and be voted for.
The Cormnission educates the electorate about the necessary issues involved in elections.
It informs the people about their rights, the method of voting to be adopted (either secret or open balloting), identification of party symbols and the proper manner of voting. The body also provides all necessary materials needed for an election (both sensitive and non-sensitive), such as ballot boxes, ballot papers, result sheets, etc. Moreso, aspirants for elections are properly screened and their eligibility duly ascertained before any
election. This affirms the credibility of the candidate who is vying for any particular post.

Electoral officers like polling clerks, polling orderlies, presiding oficers and returning officers are appointed and trained by the Commission. These enhance the smooth conduct of elections.
Finally, the Commission is responsible for the counting of votes and release of the results of each election conducted. This is to be done under strict supervision to avoid rigging of

In six sentences, one for each, state the functions of an clectoral commission.


No 1: Your mother has written to you asking of the profession you would like to pursue after leaving secondary school. Reply her letter, stating your preferred profession and giving reasons for making the choice.

Your Address,




Dear Mother,

I hope this letter finds you in good health and high spirits. Thank you for your love and concern, as always. Your letter brought me much joy, and I am grateful for your support and interest in my future plans.

As I approach the end of my secondary school education here in Nigeria, I have carefully considered the profession I would like to pursue, and I am excited to share my decision with you. After much contemplation and soul-searching, I have set my heart on becoming a Civil Engineer.

I understand that this choice might come as a surprise to you, but allow me to explain my reasons for selecting this profession. First and foremost, I have always been intrigued by the world of construction and infrastructure development. Growing up in Nigeria, I have witnessed both the challenges and the opportunities we face in the field of civil engineering. The state of our roads, bridges, and public facilities often leaves much to be desired. I believe that as a civil engineer, I can play a pivotal role in improving the physical infrastructure of our nation, contributing to its progress and development.

Nigeria is a country with immense potential, and I am eager to be part of its transformation. With a rapidly growing population, there is a pressing need for skilled professionals who can design and build sustainable structures and systems. I want to be at the forefront of these efforts, ensuring that our communities have access to safe and reliable infrastructure.

Moreover, civil engineering is a field that offers diverse career opportunities. From designing and constructing buildings to working on transportation systems and water supply projects, there is a wide range of specializations within this profession. This flexibility excites me, as it allows me to explore different areas and find the niche that best aligns with my interests and strengths.

Another reason for choosing civil engineering is the potential to make a positive impact on the environment. I am deeply passionate about sustainability and environmental conservation. As a civil engineer, I can adopt eco-friendly practices and incorporate green technologies into my projects, reducing our ecological footprint and preserving the natural beauty of Nigeria for future generations.

Furthermore, pursuing a career in civil engineering is aligned with my academic strengths and interests. Throughout my secondary school education, I have consistently excelled in mathematics and physics. These subjects form the foundation of civil engineering, and I find great joy in applying their principles to solve real-world problems.

Lastly, I have conducted thorough research on reputable universities in Nigeria and beyond that offer excellent civil engineering programs. I am confident that with hard work and dedication, I can gain admission to one of these institutions and receive a quality education that will equip me with the skills and knowledge necessary to excel in this field.

In conclusion, I am passionate about becoming a civil engineer and contributing to the development of Nigeria. I believe that this profession aligns with my values, interests, and academic strengths, providing me with the opportunity to make a meaningful difference in the lives of my fellow citizens. Your unwavering support means the world to me, and I promise to work diligently towards achieving this goal.

Thank you once again for your love and encouragement. I look forward to your response and the guidance you can offer as I embark on this exciting journey.

Sincerely Yours,

Your Name.


NUMBER TWO: Write a story to illustrate the saying: Charity begins at home.

Once upon a time, in a quaint village nestled between lush green hills, there lived a humble farmer named Thomas. He was known far and wide for his generosity and willingness to help others. The saying “Charity begins at home” was one of his guiding principles, which he instilled in his three children – Emily, Daniel, and Sarah.

Thomas’ farm yielded bountiful crops, and the village thrived due to his hard work and dedication. However, despite their abundance, he always made sure to share the surplus with those less fortunate. Whenever someone in the village fell on hard times, Thomas and his family were the first to offer a helping hand.

One chilly winter morning, news spread that a severe storm had struck the neighboring village, leaving several families homeless and without food. Thomas gathered his family around the fireplace and said, “My dear children, it’s time to practice what we preach. Charity begins at home, and it’s our duty to assist our neighbors in need.”

Emily, the eldest daughter, agreed wholeheartedly, and Daniel and Sarah nodded in agreement. They all knew that their father’s compassionate nature had shaped their characters and taught them the true meaning of empathy.

The family began their charity work by donating warm blankets, clothes, and essential supplies from their own home. Emily helped organize the distribution, while Daniel and Sarah packed the items with care. The neighbors joined in, witnessing the selfless act of the Thomas family and contributing to the cause.

As the winter passed, the neighboring village slowly regained its strength, and the grateful villagers praised Thomas and his family for their immense support. But their acts of kindness didn’t end there. They continued to assist those in need within their village too.

One day, a massive fire broke out on the outskirts of Thomas’ village, threatening to engulf homes and farmlands. The entire village was in panic, and everyone tried their best to save their properties. Thomas’ family rushed to the scene, but instead of joining the rescue efforts, they prepared food and water for the exhausted firefighters and victims.

When the fire was finally brought under control, the firefighters and the distressed villagers were famished. Thomas and his family went around distributing food and water, comforting those who lost their homes, and even offering temporary shelter at their farmhouse.

Over time, Thomas’ children began to comprehend the true depth of the saying “Charity begins at home.” They realized that it wasn’t just about helping others but about creating a culture of compassion and kindness within their own community.

The children grew up embodying their father’s virtues and passed on the values of selflessness to their own families. The Thomas family became a beacon of hope and inspiration for the entire region. Their village flourished not just because of their agricultural prosperity but because of the unity and compassion that bound its people together.

Generations came and went, but the legacy of the Thomas family endured. The saying “Charity begins at home” echoed through time, reminding everyone that the seeds of kindness sown within the confines of one’s home can blossom into a garden of love and support for the entire world.


Title: The Establishment of Federal Government Colleges: A Blessing to the Nigerian Child
Ladies and gentlemen, esteemed judges, and fellow debaters, good morning/afternoon.
Today. I stand before you as a chief speaker, representing those against the proposition “The Establishment of Federal Government Colleges is a Blessing to the Nigerian Child” While providing some form of education and resources to Nigerian children, Federal Government colleges are not necessarily a blessing as they can bring about numerous
negative aspects that can outweigh their potential benefits. I will argue why this is the case and share my view on the current situation.
Point number one: Lack of Resources and Quality Education. Federal Government colleges are often poorly funded, meaning they tend to have limited access to resources and technology. This can lead to a lack of quality education being offered to Nigerian children. Moreover, the poor educational environment can prevent children from achieving their full potential, leading to a further gap between the educated and uneducated population.
Point Number two: Limited Access to Facilities and Services.
Due to the low funding, Federal Government colleges also have limited access to other facilities and services. This means that students
may not be able to participate in extra-curricular activities or have access to basic healthcare services. This can have a long-term negative effect on the overall wellbeing of pupils and even affect their academic performance.

In conclusion, while Federal Government colleges may provide some level of education and resources to Nigerian children, the lack of resources and quality education as well as Limited access to facilities and services mean it is not a blessing to the Nigerian child and should not be accepted as one.
Thank you.



NUMBER FOUR: Write an article suitable for publication in your school magazine on the topic: Indiscipline among Secondary School Students and Ways of Curbing it.

Title: indiscipline among secondary school students and ways of curbing it.

Indiscipline has become a growing concern among secondary school students, posing a significant challenge for educators, parents, and their peers alike. The consequences of such behaviour can be far-reaching and damaging both to the learner’s individual development and to the climate of the school as a whole. From negative impacts on academic attainment and safety to absenteeism and bullying, the risks are real, and a concerted effort is needed from all sides to tackle it.

Young people, reaching into adolescence and early adulthood, are at an important stage of their development. This delicate period of transition comes with a variety of pressures, such as physical, emotional, and learning changes, and these can often lead to misbehaviour in the classroom. Other external factors, such as family issues or inadequate parenting, can also contribute to the problem.

Unmanaged student indiscipline can have profound effects on the classroom. It can lead to further disruption and distraction, resulting in all pupils having a poorer learning experience and ultimately a lower academic performance. It can also create feelings of fear and general unease among other pupils and staff, discouraging effective communication and damaging morale.

Recognizing the problem is the first step towards finding a solution. The most successful interventions are those that involve multiple stakeholders, such as students, parents, teachers, and administrators.

Effective communication between all parties is key. Schools must strive to foster an environment that encourages open dialogue, transparency, and trust. An open-door policy between teachers and students, providing a safe space in which either can approach the other at any time, can be instrumental for developing mutual understanding.

The school curriculum should also be designed to engage learners and promote discipline. An understanding of the subjects being taught, and enjoyable activities related to them, can help create a positive atmosphere, motivating pupils to stay on task and perform better. To help ensure that this happens, schools should be able to tap into support and resources available from local organisations and charities.

In addition, schools must establish clear and consistent disciplinary systems, making sure that all members of the school community are aware of the rules. This should include start-of-term assemblies, parent-teacher meetings, and visible reminders throughout the premises. In the case of serious disciplinary issues, swift action should be taken, including – in extreme cases – sanctions.

It is incumbent upon us all – teachers, parents, and students – to ensure a safe and supportive learning environment for secondary school students. Like any problem, managing indiscipline is a matter of addressing its causes and providing the right solutions. Through cooperation, open communication, and an effective school system, we can work together to tackle it and ensure a harmonious learning environment for the future.


(i) A teacher frames the minds of the young ones.
(ii) He re-orients the child who has been indoctrinated with the teaching of affluence and fanaticism.

(i) The teacher is blamed for the falling standard of education.
(ii) The teacher is accused of extortion and given a bad name.

“Religious leaders fail to impart the right knowledge.”

Religious leaders impart affluence and fanaticism on the child.

The teacher uses moral instruction techniques such as love, honesty, e.t.c to re-orient the child.

It means the teacher accepts the challenge.

(i) Relative clause
(ii) It modifies the noun, “parents”.

noble —-> decent
cradle —-> start
impart —-> pass on
affluence —-> wealth
denigrated —-> reviled
important —-> key




  • An electoral commission divides a country into electoral districts
  • It Registers political parties and eligible voters.
  • The commission educates the electorate on everything they need to know about the election
  • The electoral commission provides election materials and affirms the credibility of aspirants
  • The commission also appoints adhoc staff and trains them for the election
  • The commission counts votes and releases the results of the election conducted