Animal Husbandry Practical 2023 Questions πŸ‘‡πŸ‘‡




  • Specimen A – Wooden feed trough
    (I) Wooden feed can be used as a feeding platform or trough for livestock such as pigs cows and horses.
  • Specimen C- Chicken wire mesh
    (i) Chicken wire mesh is commonly used to create a secure enclosure for chickens or other small animals.

(i) wood can absorb moisture and bacteria making it difficult to clean and sanitize
(ii) wood can crack and splinter creating sharp edges that can injure the birds
(iii) wood can be more expensive than other materials like plastic or metal
(iv) wood can break down over time and require frequent replacement.

(i)it has lightweight and easy to move and clean
(ii) it is durable and long-lasting
(iii) it is resistant to moisture and bacteria
(iv) it is relatively cheap compared to other materials like metal.

(i) it is strong and durable providing protection from predators
(ii) it allows for good ventilation while also keeping birds contained
(iii) it is relatively cheap and easy to work with.


  • rabbits
  • goats.


(1) Great care should be taken to ensure that the information given below does not reach the candidates either directly or indirectly before the examination.

(2a) The provision of specimens, materials and equipment for the test is your responsibility.

(b) (i) Where a specimen is not readily available in the sufficient quantity, it should be shared among small groups of candidate’s
(ii) Each candidate should be provided with the following specimens labeled accordingly:

A: Wooden feed trough;
B: Plastic cylindrical feeder;
C: Chicken wire mesh;
D: Day old chicken (live);
E: Coal pot;
F: Electric bulb;
G: Leather;
H: African gaint land snail;
I: Distilled water (labelled);
J: Testes (ruminant);
K: Knapsack sprayer;
L: Palm kernel cake;
M: Plantain peel:
N: Ear tag;

Questions from previous year

Question 1
(a) (i) Mention the major nutrient supplied by specimen A in animal diet.
(i) State four functions of the nutrient
mentioned in 1(a)(i).
(ii) Name three feedstuffs that could be used in place of specimen A. (8 marks)
(b) Give four reasons for keeping specimen B on a farm. (4 marks)
(c) Mention three management practices which are carried out during the rearing of specimen B. (3 marks)


– Source of energy
– Maintenance of body fluid balance
– Formation of haenmoglobin for transportation of oxygen in blood
(ii) Feedstuffs that could be used to replace.
Specimen A(fish meal)
– Meat meal/meat & bone meal
Blood meal
– Maggot meal
– Shrimp meal/crayfish meal
– Whole milk/skimmed milk
-Earthworm meal
Feather meal
– Poultry eggs/offals
– Insect meal e.g. termite, larva/larvae
(b) Reasons for keeping specimen B (chicken) on a farm
– Source of food e.g. meat, eggs
– As gifts
– Production of manure
– Source of raw materials e.g. feathers
– Production of chicks
– As pets
– Preservation of genetic diversity
– For security
– For research/educational purpose
– Religious festivals e.g. Christmas
– Source of feed ingredients e.g. egg shell, feather meal.
Social functions e.g. payment of bride price.
– Sports and games
– Source of income/employment/foreign exchange.

Question 2
(a) State two uses of specimen D in animal production. (2 marks)
(b) Mention four activities which require the use of specimen E in animal production. (4 marks)
(c) () State three precautions which should be taken by the farmer when using specimen F for the purpose of castration.
(ii) State three disadvantages of using
specimen F for carrying out castration in pigs. (6 marks)
(d) Name three tools which could be used in place of specimen F for carrying out castration in farm animals. (3 marks)

2. (a) Uses of specimen D (iodine tincture)
– Sterilizing body surface before giving
– Treatment of wounds e.g. after castration, navel cutting, minor bruises, insect bites
– Purification of drinking water for farm animals
– Antiseptic/disinfectant/sanitizer
(b) Activities that require the use of specimen E (hand gloves) in animal production
– Drenching
– Vaccination
– Castration
– Dipping
– Slaughtering/dressing of carcass
– Shearing
– Inspection of animals
– Dressing of wounds
– Parturition
– Cleaning
– Disposal of dead animals
– Mixing of feed ingredients
– Handling of chemicals (herbicides,
(c) ()) Precautions taken when using specimen E (razor blade) for castration
– Use hand gloves to prevent transmission of Zoonotic diseases
– Ensure proper restraining of the animal
– Blade must sterilized to prevent infection
– Blade should be sharp
– Castration should be done by a skillful person/proper handling of razor blade/ proper
cutting of cord to reduce blood loss
(ii) Disadvantages of using specimen F (razor blade) for carrying out castration in pigs.
– There is blood loss
– Risk of infection of animal/blood

– Risk of transfer of zoonotic disease to farmer
– Maybe painful to animal/stressful
– Death could occur due to loss of blood
– Wound may not heal on time/creates wounds
– Takes a longer time to make a cut
(d) Tools that could be used for carrying out castration in place of specimen F (razor blade)
– Burdizzo
Elastrator/rubber ring/rubber band
– Emasculator
– Scalpel
– Knife

Question 3
(a) List three stages in the life cycle of
specimen G. (3 marks)
(b) State four effects of specimenG on farm animals. (4 marks)
(c) Mention three ways of controlling specimen
G in farm animals. (3 marks)
(d) Draw and label specimen H.

3 (a) Stages in the life cycle of specimen G
(liverfluke) – Egg
– Miracidium
– Sporocyst Radiae
– Cercaria/metacercaria
– Adult
(b) Effects of specimen G (liverfluke) on farm animals
– Inflammation of the liver/sores
– May lead to death
– Obstruction/blockage of the bile duct
Emaciation/loss of weight
– Liver haemorrhage/loss of blood/anaemia
– Loss of coordination/weakness
– Digestive disturbance/diarrhoea
Damage to other organs during
migration/reduction in metabolism of nutrients
– Reduced productivity i.e. reduced growth/egg production/milk yield/fertility/wool production
(c) Control of specimen G (liverfluke) in farm animals
Destroy snails by treating surrounding water with moluscides/copper sulphate
– Use of ducks, geese to eat the snails
– Prevent animals from grazing on wet
– Use rotational grazing
– Apply lime to stop the hatching of eggs on pasture/burning of pasture
– Maintain good sanitary practices/give clean uncontaminated forage and water
– Deworming/treat infected animals
(d) Drawing and labelling of specimen H (Tapeworm)

Question 4
(a) () Mention two products which could be obtained from specimen K.
(i) Name the method by which specimen K could be made wholesome for human
consumption. (3 marks)
(b) () Give two functions of specimen L in farm animals.
(i) State two features of specimen L which enables it to perform its functions. (4 marks)
(c) State two ways of preserving specimen M.
(2 marks)
(d) State two responses of chicks to the use of specimen N in a brooder house under each of the following conditions:
() excessive heat;
(ii) insufficient heat;
(ii) optimum heat. (6 marks)


4. (a) () Products that could be obtained from
specimen K (fresh milk)
– Butter milk
– lce cream
– Yoghurt
– Butter
– Cheese
– Casein
– Whey
– Evaporated milk
– Condensed milk
– Powdered milk/skimmed milk
(ii) Method for making specimen K (fresh milk)
wholesome for human consumption
– Pasteurization/boiling/heating
– Sterilization/irradiation
(b) (i) Functions of specimenL(gizzard) in farm animals
– Helps in grinding of feed
– Moistens feed
– Mixes/churns feed
– Stores feed
(ii) Features of specimen L(gizzard)
– Thick/muscular wall
– Presence of stones/grits/gastroliths/pebbles
-Tough/rough lining/koilin layer
(c) Ways of preserving specimen M (meat)
Cold blast/refrigeration/freezing
– Oven drying/sun drying/drying
– Salting
– Smoking/roasting
– Frying
– Canning
– Boiling

(d) Responses of chicken to
(i) excessive heat
Birds tend to move away from heat source
– Birds crowd up close to the edge of the brooder house
– Reduced feed intake
– Increased water intake
– Dehydration/panting
– Death
(i) insufficient heat
– Crowd close to heat source
– Curdle together in groups
– Stampeding
Increased feed intake
– Death/suffocation
(ii) optimum heat
– Evenly spread out in brooder house
– Birds are active
Eat and drink normally