Making syllabus available to candidates is another way of examiners helping them to prepare adequately for external examination. Syllabus comprises all the topics that will be look into when constructing questions for the examination. So as candidates, it is pertinent for you to have and use these syllabus to study. Below is the WAEC Syllabus for Data Processing as regards the 2023/2024 WAEC examination. Endeavor to digest every content in it.


This examination syllabus is derived from the Senior Secondary School curriculum on Data Processing published by the NERDC. It is designed to test basic knowledge and skills acquisition in data processing. A conceptual approach was used in preparing the syllabus, considering areas that would encourage the development of entrepreneurial skills for everyday living.
Note: This syllabus is not a teaching syllabus. It is an examination syllabus. Teachers are therefore advised to use the national teaching syllabus for the teaching-learning process.

The objectives of the syllabus are to test candidates’
(i) acquisition of basic skills of data processing and management;
(ii) level of competence in ICT applications that will promote the acquisition of entrepreneurial skills for everyday living in the global world;
(iii) knowledge in the application of ICT in facilitating business transaction and education;
(iv) preparedness for further studies in Data Processing and Management.

There will be two papers, Papers 1 and 2 both of which shall be taken as a composite paper at one sitting.

PAPER 1: This will consist of forty multiple-choice objective questions, all of which are to be answered in 1 hour for 40 marks.

PAPER 2: will consist of two sections: Sections A and B. Candidates will be required to answer five questions in all.
Section A: will consist of four essay questions. Candidates will be required to answer any three in 1 hour for 30 marks.

Section B: will be a test of practical work. It shall consist of two compulsory essay questions to be answered in 1 hour for 40 marks.

The Syllabus in Detail


History of Computers
i. Computing devices.
ii. Concept of Number system in
iii. Generations of Computer:
first, second, third, fourth, fifth
generations of computer.

Points to Note here:
Candidates should identify the
various computing devices
since the beginning of counting/computing.
Should include the importance of number system to computing.
Relate each generation with its
characteristic feature.

Describe each generation under the following:

year of development, basic
component/type of technology, speed of operation, storage capacity/component.

2 Data and Information
i. Definition of data and
ii. Types of Data.
ii. Ways of handling Data.
iii. Definition of Data.
iv. Digitalization.
Differences between data and information should be emphasized

Classification of Computers
Classify computers by: Type, Size, Usage.

4 Application of ICT in everyday life
i. Uses of ICT in everyday activities.
ii. Impact of ICT in the society.

Points to Note here
The use and areas of ICT application should be linked to societal development.

5 Components of computers

i. Input Devices. Examples of each component.

ii. Output Devices.
iii. System Unit.
iv. Storage Devices

Point to Note here
should be treated and how they are used in data processing.

The art of Information processing
i. Definition of Information Processing.
ii. Steps involved in Information

Points to Note here
Description of each step
involved in information processing is required.

Process of Information transmission
i. Definition of information transmission.
ii. Methods of transmitting information.

Point to Note here
Modes of information transmission such as visuals(newspaper), audio(radio, telephone), audio-visual (GSM, Television) are required.

8 Medium of Information Transmission
i. Types of Information Transmission.
ii. Classification of means of transmission.

Points to Note here
Medium of information transmission such as radio, television, newspaper etc.
9 Networking i. Meaning of Networking, Internet and Intranet.
ii. Types of Networking.

Points to Note here
Significance of networking should be mentioned.
Types such as MAN, LAN, WAN should be treated.

10 Internet

i. Definition of Internet.
ii. Benefits of internet
iii. Internet browsers
iv. Internet security
v. Abuse of the Internet

Point to Note here
Candidates should be able to develop skills in the use of various services available on the internet

Operating System

i. Definition of Operating System.
ii. Types of Operating System.
iii. Examples of Operating

iv. Functions of Operating System.

Points to Note here

Differences between text (character) base interface and Graphical User Interface should be treated.

12 Word Processing

i. Definition of Word Processing.
ii. Uses of Word Processing
iii. Examples of word Processing software.
iv. Starting, loading and exiting word processing
v. Creating, saving and retrieving documents.

Point to Note here
Candidates should be able to make use of word processor to create and manipulate documents

13 Spreadsheet

i. Definition.
ii. Uses.
iii. Examples of Spreadsheet Applications.
iv. Loading and exiting spreadsheets.
v. Creating, saving and retrieving Spreadsheet files.

Points to Note here
Candidates should be able to make use of spreadsheet to create and manipulate worksheets

14 Database Management System
i. Definition.
ii. Uses.
iii. Examples of Database Applications.
iv. Loading and exiting DBMS.
v. Creating, saving and retrieving database files.

Points to Note here
i. Candidates should be able to use DBMS to create and manipulate Database files.
ii. Include examples of packages for database management such as Microsoft Access.

15 Presentation Package
i. Definition, uses, examples.
ii. Loading and exiting Presentation programs.
iii. Creating, saving and retrieving presentation files.

Point to Note here
i. Candidates should be able to use presentation programs to create and manipulate slides.
16 Web Design Packages
i. Definition.
ii. Uses.
iii. Components.
iv. Examples.
Designing of web pages not required.

17 Graphic Packages

i. Definition.
ii. Uses of Graphic software packages.
iii. Examples of graphic packages.

Point to Note here
Focus should be placed on Corel Draw


18. Maintenance of Computer
i. General Cleaning.
ii. Battery Charging and replacement for portable systems and UPS.
iii. DVD drive lens cleaning.
iv. Details of Hardware maintenance.
v. Details of Software maintenance.
vi. Computer crash and data recovery.

Point to Note here
Candidates should take note of basic maintenance procedures.
Students should be able to ensure data integrity and recover data after a crash.

19 Computer Ethics

i. Computer room management ethics.
ii. Laboratory rules and regulations.
Responsible ways of using and securing computers

20 Safety Measures

i. The sitting arrangement.
ii. Positioning of the monitor, keyboard, CPU, mouse and any other peripheral devices.
iii. Illuminating the computer room.
iv. Maintaining a dust free environment.
v. Keep liquid away from the computer room.

Point to Note
Importance of safety measures
should be emphasized.

21 Career opportunities in Data Processing
i. Professions in computer.
ii. Qualities of a good data
processing professional.
iii. Computer professional bodies.
Duties of each professional/ professional bodies should be treated.

22 Computer Virus

i. Definition.
ii. Types/Examples.
iii. Sources.
iv. Signals of virus warning
v. Virus prevention, detection and deletion.
Destructive effects of virus infection on computers.


23 Relational Model

i. Database and table creation using application packages.
ii. Creating relationships between tables
iii. Creation of forms, queries and report.

Point to Note here
Arranging data in tables and forms should be emphasized.
The concept of primary and foreign keys, entities, attributes and relationships should be emphasized.
Query language should be limited to those available to the database application package (e.g. query by example , SQL).

24 File Organization

i. Definition of File organization.
ii. Types of File organization.

Point to Note
Comparison between the various types of File Organization is required.

25 Database Security i. Concept of data security, access control and data
ii. Role of a database administrator.

Point to Note
Importance of securing data is required.

26 Parallel and Distributed databases
i. Basic concept of parallel and distributed database.
ii. Storing data in a distributed database (DBM).

Point to Note
Definitions of concepts is required
Significance of storing data in a distributed database management system is also required.

The table below shows the minimum requirement for a class of fifty candidates.

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