**BASIC TECHNOLOGY JS II: FIRST TERM**

**SUB-THEME: SAFETY**

**Week 1: First Aid I**

Students should be able to:

(1) explain the meaning of first aid.

(2) identify the contents of a First

Aid box.

(3) apply First aid measures.

(1) First aid:

Meaning and materials

(2) Application of simple first aid.

**Teacher**: (1) Exhibits and explain first aid materials and their uses.

(2) Demonstrate how to give simple first aid.

**Students**: (1) Inspects first aid box and name the content.

(2) Practice giving simple first aid.

**Instructional Resources**: First aid box and materials.

**Week 2: First Aid II**

Students should be able to:

(1) discuss the ABC of first aid.

(2) apply the ABC of first aid to:

-Victims of common workshop

accidents

-Road accident victims

**Contents**

(1) ABC of first aid:

-always

-bleeding and

-breaks circulation

(pulses).

(2) Application of ABC of first aid.

**Teacher**: (1) Explain ABC of first aid

(2) Show posters of application of ABC

of first aid

**Students**: (1) Observe the demonstration and

poster of ABC applications.

**Instructional Resources**: (1) Poster of ABC application.

(2) Video clips.

**Week 3: Rescue Operations**

Students should be able to:

(1) explain the meaning of rescue

operation

(2) identify different aspects of rescue operation

**Contents**

(1) Meaning of rescue operation

(2) Different aspects of rescue operation named.

(3) Securing the environment, vehicle and victims

**Teacher**: (1) Explains the meaning of rescue operation.

(2) Using pictures of rescue operations

Scenes, leads

**students** to: -identify different aspects of rescue operation

(1) Examine pictures of rescue scenes

(2) Write down different aspects of

rescue operation.

**Instructional Resources**: (1) Caution triangle

(2) fire extinguisher

(3) Picture or video clips

**Week 4: Rescue Operations**

Students should be able to:

describe the steps involved in each

aspect of rescue operations.

**Contents**

Steps involved in rescue operations.

**Teacher**: Using picture of rescue operation scenes, leads student to:

-describe the steps involved in each aspect of rescue operation

**Students**: Write down different

aspects of rescue operation and steps

involved

**Instructional Resources**: (1) Caution triangle, (2) Fire, extinguisher

(3) Picture or video clips.

**SUB-THEME: MATERIALS AND PROCESSING**

**Week 5: Materials and their common uses**

Students should be able to:

(1) state some common uses of wood

(2) explain specific uses of ferrous and Non-ferrous metals and their alloys.

**Contents**

(1) Wood: Furniture, building construction, handles of implements, etc.

(2) Metals: Household, utensils,

vehicle and ship parts etc.

(3) Brass decorations ammunition etc.

(4) Bronze: Caring statues and

ornaments etc.

**Teacher**: (1) Guide students discussion of the various uses of materials (wood, metal) in everyday life

(2) Plans students visit to work places: furniture workshop and black Smiths workshop.

**Students**: (1) Examine articles made of wood and metals.

(2) Visit furniture workshops.

(3) Visit factories and building sites and observe the uses of metals and alloys.

(4) Watch a documentary on the

production of metal and alloys.

**Instructional Resources**: (1) Articles made of wood.

(2) Articles made of metal and metal

alloys.

**Week 6: Materials and their Common Uses**

Students should be able to:

(1) state some common uses of

ceramics and glass.

(2) state the uses of plastics.

**Contents**

(1) Ceramics: tiles, household utensils

etc.

(2) Rubber: Types and tubes, foot wears etc.

(3) Plastics: Plastic buckets and bottles

etc.

**Teacher**: (1) Displays ceramics and

rubber products.

(2) Guide students discussion on the various uses of ceramics, rubber and plastic.

(3) Visit ceramic industry.

**Students**: (1) Examine articles made from ceramic rubber and plastic.

(2) Observe and touch ceramics and

glass wares.

(3) Inspect specimens of rubber and plastic products.

**Instructional Resources**: (1) Articles made from ceramics and glass.

(2) Articles made from Rubber.

(3) Plastic products in school and homes.

**Week 7: Geometric Construction I**

Students should be able to:

(1) define, Identify and list parts of a

circle.

**Contents**

(1) Circles

-Parts of a circle (Diameter, radius

chord, sector, quadrant, circumference

**Teacher**: Names, defines, describes and draws the parts of a circle.

**Students**: (1) Watch teacher’s demonstration

**Instructional Resources**: (1) Drawing instruments and materials

**Week 8: Geometric Construction II**

(1) use appropriate instruments to

divide a circle into equal parts

(2) use appreciate instruments to

draws a tangent and normal to a

given circle and two equal circles.

**Contents**

(1) Circle drawing use of set squares

Tee-square and compasses to divide

a circle into 4, 8, and 12 equal parts

(2) Construction of tangent and normal to a circle, tangent at a point to the circle tangent from a point

outside the circle and to one or two

equal circles.

**Contents**

(1) Demonstrate the use of a pair of

compasses, setsquare and tee-square

to divide a circle 4, 8 and 12 equal parts.

(2) Demonstrates the construction of

tangent and normal to a circle.

**Teacher**: (1) Practice the use of tee-square, set square and compasses to divide circle into equal parts

(2) construct a tangent and normal

to a given circle

**Students**: (1) Drawing instruments

and materials.

**Week 9: Geometric Construction III**

Students should be able to:

(1) define, identify and construct

various triangles.

(2) construct inscribed and circumscribed grades to a given triangles.

**Contents**

(1) Triangles:

-right angled, equilateral, isolates

and scalene triangles.

(2) Inscribed and circumscribed

circles to a given triangle.

**Teacher**: (1) Defines and demonstrates and construction of right angled triangle, equilateral triangle

(2) Inscribed and circumscribed circles to triangles.

**Students**: (1) Construct triangles

(2) Inscribed and circumscribed

circles to triangles.

**Instructional Resources**: Drawing instruments and materials.

**Week 10: Geometric Construction IV**

Students should be able to:

define, identify and construct regular and irregular polygons.

**Contents**

(1) Polygons:

-definition, and construction of regular and irregular Polygons: Pentagon, hexagon, heptagon

octagon, using general and specific

method, etc.

**Teacher**: Name and describes various types of polygon

**Studen**t: (1) Listen attentively and

watch the teacher’s demonstrations

(2) Construct polygons

**Instructional Resources**: (1) Drawing instruments and materials.

(2) Models of polygons

**11: REVISION**

**12: EXAMINATION**

Basic Technology

JSII Second Term Loading…..

**BASIC TECHNOLOGY**

**JS II THIRD TERM**

**SUB-THEME: TOOLS MACHINES AND PROCESSES**

**WK 1 Belt and Chain Drives I**

Students should be able to:

(1) describe belt and chain drives.

(2) explain the principle of belt and chain drives.

**Content**

(1) Examples of belt and chain drives

(2) Application of belt and chain

drives.

**Teacher**: (1) Shows pictures of various types of belt and chain drives

(2) take students of factories and workshops where belt and chain drives are used (3) Explain the principles behind the operations of the drives.

**Students**: (1) Listen attentively to teacher explain actions (2) Examine various machines that operate on belt and drives and identify their components. (3) Participates in class discussions and activities (4) Prepare field trips reports.

**Teaching aids **

(1) Pictures of motor driven pepper grinder, motor fan belt, sewing machine etc.

(2) Bicycles and motor chain drives

(3) Pictures of chain and belt driven machines

**WK 2 Belt and chain drives II**

Students should be able to:

state the advantages and disadvantages of belt and chain drives.

**Content**

Advantages and disadvantage of belt and chain drives

**Teacher**: (1) Moderates class discussion of the advantages and disadvantage of belt and chain drives

Listen attentively to teacher explanation.

**Teaching aids **

Picture of chain and belt driven machines.

**WK 3-4 Hydraulic and Pneumatic Machines**

Students should be able to:

(1) define Hydraulic. and pneumatic

machines

(2) identify hydraulic and pneumatic machines

(3) name the components of each machine

**Content**

(1) Hydraulic and pneumatic machines

(2) Examples of hydraulic and pneumatic machines

(3) Components of the machine

**Teacher**: (1) Displays hydraulic and

pneumatic machines/devices.

(2) Explains the working principles of

hydraulic and pneumatic machines

**Students**: (1) Examine the machines displayed and identify their components. (2) Listen to the teacher’s explanation (3) Ask and answer questions.

**Teaching aids **

Hydraulic and pneumatic machines e.g. force pump, double acting pumps

centrifugal pump, hydraulic jacks, simple garden sprinkler, reaction

turbine, water wheels etc.

**WK 5 Hydraulic and Pneumatic machines II**

Students should be able to:

(1) explain the principles behind the working of hydraulic and pneumatic

machines/devices.

(2) state the uses of the machines.

Operations and uses of hydraulic and

pneumatic machines.

**Teacher**: (1) Explains the working principles of hydraulic and pneumatic machines. (2) Demonstrate with real components and other instructional media. (3) Demonstrate their uses.

(4) Emphasize their applications.

**Students**: (1) Examine the machines displayed and identify the components. (2) Listen to teacher’s explanation. (3) Demonstrate with teacher. (4) Ask and answer questions.

**Teaching aids: **

Hydraulic and pneumatic devices e.g. force pump, double active pump

centrifugal pumps, hydraulic jack, simple garden sprinkler, reaction

turbine etc.

**WK 6 Gears I **

Students should be able to:

(1) define gear

(2) identify different types of gears.

(3) state the use of the various types of

gear in a mechanical system.

**Content**

(1) Definition of gear

(2) Types of gear: internal gear, external gear and level gear

(3) Uses of gears:

-Power transmission

-Changing direction

-Selecting speed.

**Teacher**: (1) Displays gear system for inspection by students (2) Guides students to examine the different types of gear in machines found in

the school (3) Explain the uses and functions of:

-Gear in machines

-Lubricants

**Students**: (1) Observe gears in bicycles, cars, cranes and hoist

(2) Open the back of an old clock and

examine the gears in the clock

(3) Participates in the class discussion

**Teaching aids **

(1) Cardboard

(2) Soft wood

(3) Bicycles

(4) Old clock

(5) Machines in school workshop

(6) school workshop

**WK 7 Gears I**I

Students should be able to:

determine gear ratios.

**Content**

Gear ratios and speed rotation.

Explains gear ratios and speed rotation

Listen attentively and participates the

class discussion

**Teaching aids **

(1) Bicycles

(2) Different sizes of old clock gears

**WK 8 Gears III **

Students should be able to:

describe the relationship between gear ratio and speed of rotation, Gear ratios and speed rotation.

**Teacher**: Explains the relationship between gear ratios and speed of rotation.

**Students**: (1) Participates actively in the class discussions (2) Calculate gear ratio.

**Teaching aids **

(1) Bicycles

(2) Sizes of old clock gears

**WK 9 Gears IV **

Students should be able to:

state the functions of lubricants in

gears.

**Content**

Functions of lubricants in gears

**Teacher**: Explain the uses and functions of:

-Gears in machines

-Lubricants in gears

**Students**: Participates in class

discussions

(1) Machine parts (Gear)

(2) Oil

**WK 10 Gears V **

Students should be able to:

(1) construct a gear system.

(2) use it for a demonstration class.

**Content**

(1) Construction of a gear

(2) Demonstrate the use.

**Teacher**: Construct gears with cardboard or ply wood and demonstrates the use

**Students**: Participates in the practical exercise.

**Teaching aids **

(1) Saw, or knife.

(2) Ply wood or cardboard paper.

(3) Hole borer.

**11 REVISION**

**12 EXAMINATION**

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