BASIC TECHNOLOGY JS II: FIRST TERM
SUB-THEME: SAFETY

Week 1: First Aid I
Students should be able to:
(1) explain the meaning of first aid.
(2) identify the contents of a First
Aid box.
(3) apply First aid measures.
(1) First aid:
Meaning and materials
(2) Application of simple first aid.
Teacher: (1) Exhibits and explain first aid materials and their uses.
(2) Demonstrate how to give simple first aid.
Students: (1) Inspects first aid box and name the content.
(2) Practice giving simple first aid.
Instructional Resources: First aid box and materials.

Week 2: First Aid II
Students should be able to:
(1) discuss the ABC of first aid.
(2) apply the ABC of first aid to:
-Victims of common workshop
accidents

Contents
(1) ABC of first aid:
-always
-bleeding and
-breaks circulation
(pulses).
(2) Application of ABC of first aid.
Teacher: (1) Explain ABC of first aid
(2) Show posters of application of ABC
of first aid
Students: (1) Observe the demonstration and
poster of ABC applications.
Instructional Resources: (1) Poster of ABC application.
(2) Video clips.

Week 3: Rescue Operations
Students should be able to:
(1) explain the meaning of rescue
operation
(2) identify different aspects of rescue operation

Contents
(1) Meaning of rescue operation
(2) Different aspects of rescue operation named.
(3) Securing the environment, vehicle and victims
Teacher: (1) Explains the meaning of rescue operation.
(2) Using pictures of rescue operations
students to: -identify different aspects of rescue operation
(1) Examine pictures of rescue scenes
(2) Write down different aspects of
rescue operation.
Instructional Resources: (1) Caution triangle
(2) fire extinguisher
(3) Picture or video clips

Week 4: Rescue Operations
Students should be able to:
describe the steps involved in each
aspect of rescue operations.

Contents
Steps involved in rescue operations.
Teacher: Using picture of rescue operation scenes, leads student to:
-describe the steps involved in each aspect of rescue operation
Students: Write down different
aspects of rescue operation and steps
involved
Instructional Resources: (1) Caution triangle, (2) Fire, extinguisher
(3) Picture or video clips.

SUB-THEME: MATERIALS AND PROCESSING
Week 5: Materials and their common uses
Students should be able to:
(1) state some common uses of wood
(2) explain specific uses of ferrous and Non-ferrous metals and their alloys.

Contents
(1) Wood: Furniture, building construction, handles of implements, etc.
(2) Metals: Household, utensils,
vehicle and ship parts etc.
(3) Brass decorations ammunition etc.
(4) Bronze: Caring statues and
ornaments etc.
Teacher: (1) Guide students discussion of the various uses of materials (wood, metal) in everyday life
(2) Plans students visit to work places: furniture workshop and black Smiths workshop.
Students: (1) Examine articles made of wood and metals.
(2) Visit furniture workshops.
(3) Visit factories and building sites and observe the uses of metals and alloys.
(4) Watch a documentary on the
production of metal and alloys.
Instructional Resources: (1) Articles made of wood.
(2) Articles made of metal and metal
alloys.

Week 6: Materials and their Common Uses
Students should be able to:
(1) state some common uses of
ceramics and glass.
(2) state the uses of plastics.

Contents
(1) Ceramics: tiles, household utensils
etc.
(2) Rubber: Types and tubes, foot wears etc.
(3) Plastics: Plastic buckets and bottles
etc.
Teacher: (1) Displays ceramics and
rubber products.
(2) Guide students discussion on the various uses of ceramics, rubber and plastic.
(3) Visit ceramic industry.
Students: (1) Examine articles made from ceramic rubber and plastic.
(2) Observe and touch ceramics and
glass wares.
(3) Inspect specimens of rubber and plastic products.
Instructional Resources: (1) Articles made from ceramics and glass.
(3) Plastic products in school and homes.

Week 7: Geometric Construction I
Students should be able to:
(1) define, Identify and list parts of a
circle.

Contents
(1) Circles
-Parts of a circle (Diameter, radius
Teacher: Names, defines, describes and draws the parts of a circle.
Students: (1) Watch teacher’s demonstration
Instructional Resources: (1) Drawing instruments and materials

Week 8: Geometric Construction II
(1) use appropriate instruments to
divide a circle into equal parts
(2) use appreciate instruments to
draws a tangent and normal to a
given circle and two equal circles.

Contents
(1) Circle drawing use of set squares
Tee-square and compasses to divide
a circle into 4, 8, and 12 equal parts
(2) Construction of tangent and normal to a circle, tangent at a point to the circle tangent from a point
outside the circle and to one or two
equal circles.

Contents
(1) Demonstrate the use of a pair of
compasses, setsquare and tee-square
to divide a circle 4, 8 and 12 equal parts.
(2) Demonstrates the construction of
tangent and normal to a circle.
Teacher: (1) Practice the use of tee-square, set square and compasses to divide circle into equal parts
(2) construct a tangent and normal
to a given circle
Students: (1) Drawing instruments
and materials.

Week 9: Geometric Construction III
Students should be able to:
(1) define, identify and construct
various triangles.
(2) construct inscribed and circumscribed grades to a given triangles.

Contents
(1) Triangles:
-right angled, equilateral, isolates
and scalene triangles.
(2) Inscribed and circumscribed
circles to a given triangle.
Teacher: (1) Defines and demonstrates and construction of right angled triangle, equilateral triangle
(2) Inscribed and circumscribed circles to triangles.
Students: (1) Construct triangles
(2) Inscribed and circumscribed
circles to triangles.
Instructional Resources: Drawing instruments and materials.

Week 10: Geometric Construction IV
Students should be able to:
define, identify and construct regular and irregular polygons.

Contents
(1) Polygons:
-definition, and construction of regular and irregular Polygons: Pentagon, hexagon, heptagon
octagon, using general and specific
method, etc.
Teacher: Name and describes various types of polygon
Student: (1) Listen attentively and
watch the teacher’s demonstrations
(2) Construct polygons
Instructional Resources: (1) Drawing instruments and materials.
(2) Models of polygons

11: REVISION
12: EXAMINATION

Basic Technology

BASIC TECHNOLOGY
JS II THIRD TERM
SUB-THEME: TOOLS MACHINES AND PROCESSES

WK 1 Belt and Chain Drives I
Students should be able to:
(1) describe belt and chain drives.
(2) explain the principle of belt and chain drives.

Content
(1) Examples of belt and chain drives
(2) Application of belt and chain
drives.
Teacher: (1) Shows pictures of various types of belt and chain drives
(2) take students of factories and workshops where belt and chain drives are used (3) Explain the principles behind the operations of the drives.
Students: (1) Listen attentively to teacher explain actions (2) Examine various machines that operate on belt and drives and identify their components. (3) Participates in class discussions and activities (4) Prepare field trips reports.

Teaching aids
(1) Pictures of motor driven pepper grinder, motor fan belt, sewing machine etc.
(2) Bicycles and motor chain drives
(3) Pictures of chain and belt driven machines

WK 2 Belt and chain drives II
Students should be able to:

Content
Teacher: (1) Moderates class discussion of the advantages and disadvantage of belt and chain drives
Listen attentively to teacher explanation.

Teaching aids
Picture of chain and belt driven machines.

WK 3-4 Hydraulic and Pneumatic Machines
Students should be able to:
(1) define Hydraulic. and pneumatic
machines
(2) identify hydraulic and pneumatic machines
(3) name the components of each machine

Content
(1) Hydraulic and pneumatic machines
(2) Examples of hydraulic and pneumatic machines
(3) Components of the machine
Teacher: (1) Displays hydraulic and
pneumatic machines/devices.
(2) Explains the working principles of
hydraulic and pneumatic machines
Students: (1) Examine the machines displayed and identify their components. (2) Listen to the teacher’s explanation (3) Ask and answer questions.

Teaching aids
Hydraulic and pneumatic machines e.g. force pump, double acting pumps
centrifugal pump, hydraulic jacks, simple garden sprinkler, reaction
turbine, water wheels etc.

WK 5 Hydraulic and Pneumatic machines II
Students should be able to:
(1) explain the principles behind the working of hydraulic and pneumatic
machines/devices.
(2) state the uses of the machines.
Operations and uses of hydraulic and
pneumatic machines.
Teacher: (1) Explains the working principles of hydraulic and pneumatic machines. (2) Demonstrate with real components and other instructional media. (3) Demonstrate their uses.
(4) Emphasize their applications.
Students: (1) Examine the machines displayed and identify the components. (2) Listen to teacher’s explanation. (3) Demonstrate with teacher. (4) Ask and answer questions.

Teaching aids:
Hydraulic and pneumatic devices e.g. force pump, double active pump
centrifugal pumps, hydraulic jack, simple garden sprinkler, reaction
turbine etc.

WK 6 Gears I

Students should be able to:
(1) define gear
(2) identify different types of gears.
(3) state the use of the various types of
gear in a mechanical system.

Content
(1) Definition of gear
(2) Types of gear: internal gear, external gear and level gear
(3) Uses of gears:

-Power transmission
-Changing direction
-Selecting speed.
Teacher: (1) Displays gear system for inspection by students (2) Guides students to examine the different types of gear in machines found in
the school (3) Explain the uses and functions of:
-Gear in machines
-Lubricants
Students: (1) Observe gears in bicycles, cars, cranes and hoist
(2) Open the back of an old clock and
examine the gears in the clock
(3) Participates in the class discussion

Teaching aids
(1) Cardboard
(2) Soft wood
(3) Bicycles
(4) Old clock
(5) Machines in school workshop
(6) school workshop

WK 7 Gears II

Students should be able to:
determine gear ratios.

Content
Gear ratios and speed rotation.
Explains gear ratios and speed rotation
Listen attentively and participates the
class discussion

Teaching aids
(1) Bicycles
(2) Different sizes of old clock gears

WK 8 Gears III

Students should be able to:
describe the relationship between gear ratio and speed of rotation, Gear ratios and speed rotation.
Teacher: Explains the relationship between gear ratios and speed of rotation.
Students: (1) Participates actively in the class discussions (2) Calculate gear ratio.

Teaching aids
(1) Bicycles
(2) Sizes of old clock gears

WK 9 Gears IV

Students should be able to:

state the functions of lubricants in
gears.

Content
Functions of lubricants in gears
Teacher: Explain the uses and functions of:
-Gears in machines
-Lubricants in gears
Students: Participates in class
discussions
(1) Machine parts (Gear)
(2) Oil

WK 10 Gears V

Students should be able to:
(1) construct a gear system.
(2) use it for a demonstration class.

Content
(1) Construction of a gear
(2) Demonstrate the use.
Teacher: Construct gears with cardboard or ply wood and demonstrates the use
Students: Participates in the practical exercise.

Teaching aids
(1) Saw, or knife.
(2) Ply wood or cardboard paper.
(3) Hole borer.

11 REVISION
12 EXAMINATION

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