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Lesson Note

Subject: Computer Studies

Topic: ICT As A Transformation Tool

Sub-Topic: Meaning, Benefits and Disadvantages of ICT.
Lesson Objectives: by the end of the lesson, the learners should be able to:

  1. State what ICT stands for.
  2. Identify ICT gadgets
  3. State the benefit of ICT:
  4. State the disadvantages of ICT

Lesson Summary / Discussions

ICT stands for information and Communication Technology. It can be defined as diverse set of technological tools and resources used to communicate, create, disseminate, store, and manage information. The technologies include computers, the Internet, broad casting technologies (radio and television), and telephony.

ICT is a very large field involving computer (for processing information), Internet, GSM and Radio (for broadcasting), camera, storage disk, X-Ray machine, Ultrasound, Organizer, Scanner and Photocopier (for recording).

These include;

  • HSM
  • Fax machine
  • IL
  • Cicphon
  • V.
  • GSM

Benefits/Advantages of ICT in Education

General Advantages of ICT

1. Time Saving
With ICT, the time it takes for messages or information to be sent and received has been considerably reduced. Correspondence between people and organisations all over the world is now instantaneous. The moment a message is sent, it is received immediately and action taken on it with little or no delay. This, in computing, is referred to as Real lime. Also, information on any subject can be easily accessed through the World Wide Web (www) on the Internet.

2. Money Saving
ICT has helped in saving money. The money that could have been spent in
moving information through transportation and copying or duplicating materials is saved. Money is also saved when many computers use the same equipment like printers, scanners, etc. ICT has made this possible. Getting access to information is also not expensive.

3. Storage of Data and Information
Data and information can be stored in a single place, making it possible for
those data and information to be accessed easily.

4. Training of Large Numbers of People
A large number of people separated by distance can be trained at the same time at the possible time.

5. Convenience
Some jobs can be done at the comfort of one’s home. A teacher can teach or
lecture his students without leaving his home or office or having to meet his students face to face in a classroom. Business can be transacted from the home or office with ease. This is referred to as e-commerce

6. Job Opportunities
ICT has made it possible for job seekers to find employment either in the ICT industry or through the Internet.

7. Education
Many people are becoming more educated as a result of exposure to the Internet. A vast source of educational materials are available on the World Wide Web, making it possible for self-cducation if one could find the time to log on to the World Wide Web.

8. Entertainment
A lot of entertainment can be found on the Internet, ranging from games,
puzzle and sports to music and films.

9. A Global Village
ICT has made the world to become a global village. The world is now a
single community linked together by electronic communication networks
such as the global system for mobile communication (GSM), cable
television and the Internet. Any event taking place anywhere in the world is
relayed to other parts instantaneously.

Benefits To Teachers

  1. ICT facilitates sharing of resources, expertise and advice.
  2. Greater flexibility in when and where tasks are carried out
  3. Gains in ICT literacy skills, confidence and enthusiasm.
  • Easier planning and preparation of lessons and designing materials
  • Access to up-to-date students and school data, any time and anywhere.
  • Enhancement of professional image projected to colleagues.
  • Students are generally more ‘on task’ and express more positive feelings when they use computers than when they are given other tasks to do.
  • Computer use during lessons motivates students to continue using learning outside school hours.

Benefits To students

  • Higher quality lessons through greater collaboration between teachers in planning and preparing resources.
  • Development of writing skills (including spelling, grammar, punctuation, editing and re-drafting), also fluency, originality and elaboration.
  • Encouragement of independent and active learming, and self-responsibility for learning.
  • Development of higher level learning styles.
  • Students who used educational technology in school seems more successful in academics because they are more motivated to learn and have increased self-confidence and self-esteem
  • Students found learning in a technology-enhanced setting are more stimulating and student-centred than in a conventional classroom.
  • Broadband technology supports the reliable and uninterrupted downloading of web-hosted educational multimedia resources.
  • Gives students opportunities to address their work to an external audience.
  • Provide them with opportunities to collaborate on assignments with people outside or inside school.
  • More focused teaching, tailored to students’ strengths and weaknesses through better analysis of attainment data.
  • Immproved pastoral care and behaviour management through better tracking of students records.
  • Gains in understanding and analytical skills, incuding improvements in reading.
  • Give students the ability to comprehend easily.

Benefits To Parents

  1. Provide parents with easier means of communication with teachers.
  2. Provide them with higher quality student reports more legible, more detailed, and better presented.
  3. Equip them with greater access to more accurate attendance and attainment information.
  4. Increased involvement in education for parents and, in some cases, improved self esteem.
  5. Increased knowledge of children’s learning and capabilities, owing to increase in learning activity being situated in the home.
  6. Parents are more likely to be engaged in the school community with the aid of ICT.

Benefit of ICT To Global World
1. It allows exchange of information globally.
2. The barrier of distances has become irrelevant in business transactions all over the world.
3. Information can be accused and processed conveniently at anytime and from anywhere.
4. Researchers have more oppormınities to lay their hands on vital information on the internet.
5. itmakes access to knowledge and information faster. better and cheaper.
6. It brings innovative ways of interaction.

Disadvantages of ICT

1. Computers are Expensive
For one to enjoy the benefits of ICT, one must have access to a computer and the Internet. These facilities are very expensive to purchase at present. This has therefore prevented many from having access to the benefits of ICT, especially in less developed countries.

2. Servers Breakdown
When a server develops a fault or fails to function properly, it will affect the
application of all other computer systems that it controls, or supplies
information to, and there may be thousands of them. A server is the main computer which runs the program on which all the other computers in a network are linked. When a server breaks down, it becomes difficult to retrieve information from other computer systems.

3. Danger of Virus Spread
A virus is hidden programming instructions within a computer program which can damage or destroy data files. It can spread from one computer to the other. Information that has been stored in a computer can be lost or destroyed, and if the information is very useful and vital it may not be found again.

4. Criminal Activities
Criminal activities like secretly gaining access into information on another person’s computer system and changing the information, called hacking, is common. Gaining access into people’s bank accounts and stealing from them, fraud and advance fee fraud otherwise known as 419 activities are carried out on the Internet. Young people’s minds are corrupted by viewing anti-social sites such as pornography, violence, etc, without restriction.
Some people have committed murder, suicide, rape and the abuse of children as a result of what they saw, read and heard on the Internet.
As much as ICT has changed the lives of people and brought tremendous
improvement in the world, it has also created problems which the world is yet to find solutions to.

5. It reduces mental ability because most of the simple mental sum are now being done use ICT tool.

Done studying? See previous lessons in computer Studies

Lesson Evaluation

  1. What is ICT?
  2. Mention five ICT gadgets.
  3. State the benefits of ICT to students, teachers and parents.
  4. State the disadvantages of ICT.

Questions answered correctly? Bravo!

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