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Subject: Cultural / Creative Arts.
Topic: Introduction to Cultural And Creative Arts
Lesson Objectives: by the end of the Lesson, the learners should be able to:
- Define the term Cultural and Creative Arts;
- Mention the components of cultural and creative arts;
- Name the branches of Arts;
- Say the origin or history of Arts;
- State the importance of cultural and creative arts.
Activities: Teachers should organize learners into different groups to showcase the various kinds of arts. This will help them understand the lesson better.
Lesson Summary / Discussion
Period 1: Definition, components and functions of Cultural And Creative Arts.
Definition Of Cultural And Creative Arts
Cultural And Creative Arts can be defined as the arts which represent an outlet of self expression that is influenced by culture and also helps to modify culture. As such, the arts depicts the physical manifestation of the internal creative impulse of man. cultural art events such as traditional dance, drama and music performed in theatres reflect our culture and tradition in the Nigerian society. Man’s creativity on the other hand is expressed in various forms.
Components Of Cultural And Creative Arts
Cultural And Creative Arts is made up of the following:
- Fine art
- Media arts
- Applied arts.
Roles / Function Of Cultural And Creative Art
- The study of Cultural and Creative Arts provide learners opportunity to acquire the needed skills in any field of art.
- The practical sessions enables learners to discover their inner talents.
- It serves as vocational job for learners as they engage in these activities during leisure time.
- It energize the mental and physical development of learners.
- It serves as a medium through which learners familiarize with their culture and that of others expressed through drama, music, dance and fine art, etc.
Period 2: Definition, types and Branches of Arts
The term Art can be defined as the creative expression of one’s thoughts. Art is the study and creation of things that give pleasure to the mind and satisfy one’s sense of beauty. Art is a way of life. It is a universal language in which the artist uses to express his or her inner feelings and ideas. The word ‘art’ originated from a Latin word ‘arti’ which means to do well or do it well.
Types Of Art
Basically speaking, there are two types of art, namely:
1.visual Art:visual art appeals to our sense of sight or vision. Sub-branches of visual art include fine art and applied art.
2.Non-visual Arts: Like the name implies, these are arts that are not visible to the eyes. Non-visual art is the art we cannot feel with our hands and see with our eyes but rather,it appeals to our mind, emotion and feeling. Sub-branches of non-visual art include performing art and literary art.
Branches of Arts
History / Origin Of Art
Before the origin of man, Art has been in existence. The origin of art is traced back to the early men who were involved in art activities such as drawing of animals on rock surfaces by scratching, engraving and incising with self constructed sharp objects in the pre-historic era. They equally painted on cave walls using various pigments obtained from nature. For instance, earth colours (soil) and sooth (charcoal) mixed with animal fat which serve as a strong binder and other pigments obtained from natural things such as blood of animals, leaves of plants etc.
The history of the early men spans across five ages namely:
Paleolithic Age (Old Stone Age): This is divided into lower and upper Paleolithic era.
Lower Paleolithic Era stretched between 35,000BC – 15,000BC
Upper Paleolithic Era stretched between 14,000BC – 8,000BC.
Mesolithic Age (Middle Stone Age): During the Mesolithic era, artists focused on the painting of human figures looking abstracted as against the back drop of animal figures painted on cave walls by the early men during the upperPaleolithic era. Farming and proper settlement occurred during the Mesolithic age. The Mesolithic Age stretched between 8,000BC – 3,000BC.
Neolithic Age (New Stone Age): this era lasted between During the Neolithic era, life became more stable and predictable. Metal farm implements were introduced, crops like beans, squash and maize were cultivated and writing emerged. Huge Architectural Monuments were erected like the Stonehenge discovered in Europe in Salisbury Plane Wiltshire, England. (1,800 BC-1,400 BC) the Neolithic Age stretched between 3,000BC-1, 500 BC.
Bronze Age: This marked the beginning of the skillful use of metals to cast objects that were expressed in bronze. It is a time period characterized by the use of bronze, proto-writing, and other early features of urban development like the Bronze Age Britain. Bronze casting is common among the Benin people.
Iron Age: This era marked the advent of civilization of the Indus valley. Recent archaeological remains of iron working in the Ganges Valley in India have been tentatively dated to 1,800BC. It is an archaeological era referring to a period of time in the pre-history and protohistory of the Old World (Afro-Eras) when the dominant tool making material was iron. It preceded by the Bronze Age in Europe and Asia and the Stone Age in Africa. Meteoric metal has been used by humans since at least 3,200 BC, but ancient iron production did not become widespread until the ability to smelt iron ore ,remove impurities and regulate the amount of carbon in the alloy were developed.
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Lesson Evaluation / Test
- Define cultural and creative art.
- What are the components of cultural and creative art?
- State functions of cultural and creative art.
- Briefly explain the origin or history of Arts.
- Mention the branches of art.
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