Lesson Summary / DiscussionA creed is also known as a confession of faith, symbol, or statement of faith. It can simply be defined as a statement of the shared beliefs of a religious community in a form structured by subjects summarizing core tenets.
The earliest known creed in Christianity, “Jesus is Lord”, originated in the writings of Paul the Apostle. One of the most widely used Christian creeds is the Nicene Creed, first formulated in AD 325 at the First Council of Nicaea. It was based on Christian understanding of the canonical gospels, the letters of the New Testament and, to a lesser extent, the Old Testament. Affirmation of this creed, which describes the Trinity, is generally taken as a fundamental test of orthodoxy for most Christian denominations, and was historically purposed against Arianism. A shorter version of the creed, called the Apostles’ Creed, is nowadays the most used version in Christian services. The first confession of faith established within Christianity was the Nicene Creed by the Early Church in 325. It was established to summarize the foundations of the Christian faith and to protect believers from false doctrines. Various Christian denominations from Protestantism and Evangelical Christianity have published confession of faith as a basis for fellowship among churches of the same denomination.
The Apostle Creed
I believe in God the Father, Almighty,
Maker of Heaven and earth,
And in Jesus Christ, His only begotten son,
Conceived by the Holy Spirit,
Born of virgin Mary,
Suffered under Pontus Pilate,
And was crucified,
He died and was buried,
He descended to Hades.
On the third day, He rose again from the dead,
And ascended into Heaven,
And seated on the right hand of God the Father,
From where He shall come to judge
Both living and the dead,
I believe in the Holy Spirit,
And the holy Catholic (Universal) Church,
The Communion of Saints,
The forgiveness of sins,
The resurrection from the dead,
And in the life ever lasting.
See all previous lessons on Christian Religious Studies.
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1. What is creed?
2. Recite the Apostles’ creed.
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21 April 2022.
Everett Ferguson, Encyclopedia of Early Christianity, Routledge, USA, 2013, p. 418. Accessed 21 April 2022.