Lesson NoteLesson Summary Aids:
Lesson Summary / DiscussionPOPULAR ORGANIZATIONS
IntroductionOrganisations are constituted bodies or agencies made up of organized persons with defined goals and objectives. An organisation is an official group of people, for instance, a political party, a business, Charity group, club etc. An organisation exist through the agreement of certain individuals to work together in portions of stated objectives. organisations describe how human conduct are socially organised and managed. it involves the interactions of members and to some extent non-members to the realisation of the goals. The goals may be profit oriented or achievement oriented. Organisations are described as structures of relationships to get work done. They are important in human existence.
Simple DefinitionPopular organizations are those organized groups whose membership cuts across different areas of the society with clearly defined objectives. An example is a political party. As an organized group, a political party is an association of people with similar political ideology whose major objective is to contest election and gain political power in order to obtain control of government.
HOW POPULAR ORGANIZATIONS ARE FORMED
Organisations could be special, political, religious ethnic or civil in nature. Popular organisations and institutions are by their nature formal. These organisations are set up based on well-thought-out objectives. They are accorded legal and public status as legal or corporate personalities which can Sue or be sued.. they transact or interact with other organisations, government and individuals in their capacity as legal persons. formal organisations do not just become popular and open to the public for interaction business or services without setting necessary legal procedures leading to their approval. it is this approved by government that secures and empowers them and generates trust and confidence among the populace interacting with them.
The formation of political party can take the following forms:
Socio-Cultural Organization: Many political parties started as cultural organizations. The Action Group (AG) started as a cultural association known as Egbe Omon Oduduwa while the Northern People’s Congress (NPC) sprang up from a popular Northern cultural association called Jamiyya Mutanem Arewa.
Religious Organizations: Political parties can be formed based on religious beliefs and doctrines. This is common in countries where a particular religion is predominant. Examples of such associations are Christian Democratic Union in Germany and Muslim League in Pakistan. Countries like Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq and Israel are nations where political parties are formed based on religious beliefs.
Government in Power: The government in power may decide to form or create political parties for the country. Former president, General Ibrahim Babangida formed the Social Democratic Party (SDP) and National Republican Convention (NRC) that contested the 1993 elections.
Labour Organizations: Political parties can transform into a political party that seeks to promote the interest of the organization. Labour Party (LP) in Nigeria and Workers’ Solidarity Party in Indonesia are examples.
Constitution: The constitution defines the party system in any state. It also determines the requirements for the formation of any party. There are three major types of party system: One-party, Two-party and Multi-party system.
ROLES OF POPULAR ORGANIZATIONS/POLITICAL PARTIES
- They help to promote democratic principles.
- They ensure accountability of government officials.
- They promote peaceful change of government.
- They bring about unity among different groups and interests.
- They serve as watchdogs on elected representatives.
- They provide political education to the public.
- They provide welfare and humanitarian services.
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Lesson Evaluation / Test
- What is an organization?
- Define popular organizations.