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Lesson Note

Subject: Civic Education

Topic:  Duties And Obligations of Citizens

Lesson Objectives: by the end of the lesson, the learners should be able to:

  1. Define the term Citizenship Education;
  2. State the importance of citizenship education.
Lesson Summary Aids: See reference materials below contents.

Lesson Summary / Discussion

Duties and obligations are the constitutional responsibilities a citizen or citizens are expected to perform in the society for the smooth governance of the state. There are basically three categories of obligations: civic or political obligations, economic obligations and social obligations.

Civic or political obligations: these are the political duties of the citizens to the state such as voting during election, readiness to serve, obedience to law and order, etc.
Economic obligations: these are the duties of the citizens that are associated with business, revenue, funding and maintenance of infrastructures. A good example of economic duty is prompt payment of taxes.
Social obligations: these are the duties of the citizens that are related to the individual’s relationship with government agents, government properties and other citizens in the state. Examples of social obligations are respect for constituted authority, promotion of orderliness in public places, involvement in environmental sanitation, protection of public properties, etc.

Below are some of the duties and obligations of the citizens in the society.

  1. Obedience to Law and Order: Citizens of a state have the constitutional obligation to obey the laws of the state and ensure orderliness in their conducts.
  2. Payment of Taxes: Citizens owe the state the duty of tax payment. It is an offense against the state for an employed citizen to evade tax payment.
  3. Voting During Election: All qualified citizens are expected to participate in the election of political leaders at all levels. Those who refuse to vote have no right to complain of bad governance.
  4. Respect for the Rights of Other Citizens: The citizens are expected not to infringe on the rights of other citizens in the process of exercising their own rights.
  5. Reporting suspected criminal cases to appropriate authority or agency.
  6. Readiness to serve as witness in the court when the need arises.
  7. Respect for national symbols and national anthem.
  8. Involvement in community services including environmental sanitation.
  9. Willingness/readiness to defend the nation at all times.

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Lesson Evaluation / Test

  1. Define duties and obligations.
  2. Describe the three categories of obligations.
  1. Mention seven duties of a citizen of a state.
  2. Mention any three duties that may not be applicable to students under 18 years.

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