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Lesson Note

Subject: Civic Education

Topic:  Inter-communal Relationship
Subtopic: Settlement of Disputes and importance of inter-communal relationship.

Lesson Objectives: by the end of the lesson, the learners should be able to:

  1. State ways of settling disputes in  inter-communal Society;
  2. State the importance of inter-communal relationship.

Lesson Summary Aids: See reference materials below contents.

Lesson Summary / Discussion

Settlement Of Disputes In Inter-communal Societies

Inter-communal societies have their gains as well as their challenges. There is no human relationship that is free from disagreements or misunderstanding. Communal societies are no exempted from this rule. Due to the simple way of life of villagers, conflict resolution in such community is also simple. However, where serious issues are involved it may require the intervention of the court.
The common areas of conflict in communal societies borders on properties such as land, inheritance, disobedience to existing laws and appointment of people into positions of authority. What is important however is how to manage such crises or challenges when they arise. In inter-communal relationship, the following are ways by which disputes and conflicts are resolved:

Dialogue: This is a method of dispute resolution whereby the warring parties are called to state their grievances and the leaders will settle the issue using their local experiences and knowledge.

Mediation: In this type of conflict resolution, a neutral and impartial outsider works with those involved in the conflict to assure them of a satisfactory outcome. Those who are usually involved in this are community heads and traditional rulers.

Compensation: This is the replacement of what has been destroyed or badly damaged in the course of conflict in order to ensure peace in the society.

Arbitration: This is a conflict resolution method where special bodies are set up to investigate and settle conflicts between warring parties.

Court System:This has to do with the settlement of dispute in the court through the services of professional lawyers.

Special Peace-keeping Taskforce: This is the use of armed forces such as JTF to restore sanity between warring communities to avoid destruction of lives and properties. This kind of conflict resolution method is usually followed up by roundtable discussions.

Importance Of Inter-communal Relationship

Peaceful settlement of disputes.
Close relationship among members of the communities.
It creates conducive environment for social, political and economic activities.
It ensures peace and progress in the society.
Non-existence of rebellion by militants due to peaceful and simple way of life.
It promotes respect for leaders and elders in the communities.
Promotion of unity and cohesion in the community.
It enhances law and order in the society.

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Lesson Evaluation / Test

1. State the methods of dispute resolution in communal society.
2. What are the importance of interinter-communal relationship?
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