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Lesson Note

Subject: Civic Education

Topic:  Interpersonal Relationship

Lesson Objectives: by the end of the lesson, the learners should be able to:

  1. Define the term Interpersonal Relationship;
  2. Mention and  explain the types of interpersonal relationship;
  3. List the skills that promote interpersonal relationship;
  4. State the importance of interpersonal relationship.
Lesson Summary Aids: See reference materials below contents.

Lesson Summary / Discussion



Interpersonal relationships are created by people’s interactions with one another in social situations. This association may be based on inference,[further explanation needed] love, solidarity, support, regular business interactions, or some other type of social connection or commitment. Interpersonal relationships thrive through equitable and reciprocal compromise; they form in the context of social, cultural and other influences. The study of interpersonal relationships involves several branches of the social sciences, including such disciplines as communication studies, psychology, anthropology, social work, sociology, and mathematics.


Interpersonal relationship can be defined as the interaction or association between two or more people in the society. It will be difficult for one to exist in isolation without relating with other people. Interpersonal relationship is therefore essential for human coexistence.


  1. Man and Woman Relationship: This relationship exists between a man and a woman at different levels and for various reasons. This kind of relationship often leads to marriage between a mature man and woman.
  2. Man and Man Relationship: This relationship exists between a man and another man. This relationship lasts long if the people involved have something meaningful to benefit from one another.
  3. Woman and Woman Relationship: This is the kind of relationship that exists between a woman and another woman. The basis of this relationship or friendship could be economic, social, religious or otherwise.
  4. Government and Individual Relationship: This is the relationship that exists between the government and an individual in the society. This relationship becomes necessary where the individual has businesses to transact or services to render on behalf of the government.
  5. Peers Relationship: This is the relationship that exists between people of same group, age bracket, mates or even colleagues.
  6. Relationship across Culture/Race: This is the type of relationship that exists between two or more people from different cultural background, language and race.


  • Honesty.
  • Tolerance.
  • Love.
  • Patience
  • Selflessness.
  • Hospitality.
  • Truthfulness.
  • Forgiveness.
IMPORTANCE OF INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIP The following are the importance of interpersonal relationship:
  1. It promotes peace in the society.
  2. It encourages the spirit of unity in the society.
  3. It ensures progress and development in the society.
  4. It helps to reduce conflicts in the society.
  5. It ensures law and order in the society.
  6. It promotes the good image of the people.
  7. It enhances security in the society.

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Lesson Evaluation / Test

  1. Define the term Interpersonal Relationship.
  2. Mention and  explain the types of interpersonal relationship.
  3. What are the skills that promote interpersonal relationship?
  4. What are the importance of interpersonal relationship?


Ye, Jinhui; Ye, Xiaoting (2020-11-04). “Adolescents’ interpersonal relationships, self-consistency, and congruence: Life meaning as a mediator”. Social Behavior and Personality. 48 (11): 1–11. doi:10.2224/sbp.9428. S2CID 226526839.

Acker M, Davis MH (1992). “Intimacy, Passion and Commitment in Adult Romantic Relationships: A Test of the Triangular Theory of Love”. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships. 9 (1): 21–50. doi:10.1177/0265407592091002. S2CID 143485002.

Gibson LS (2015). “The Science of Romantic Love: Distinct Evolutionary, Neural, and Hormonal Characteristics”. International Journal of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activities. 7 (1): 1. doi:10.7710/2168-0620.1036.

Sternberg RJ (1986). “A triangular theory of love”. Psychological Review. 93 (2): 119–135. doi:10.1037/0033-295x.93.2.119.

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