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Lesson Note

Subject: Civic Education

Topic:  Inter-communal Relationship

Lesson Objectives: by the end of the lesson, the learners should be able to:

  1. Explain inter-communal relationship;
  2. State the characteristics of communal society;
  3. Discuss activities common in communal society;
  4. Mention the skills that promote inter-communal relationship.
Lesson Summary Aids: See reference materials below contents.

Lesson Summary / Discussion

Inter-communal Relationship

We will have to discuss what communal society is before moving to inter-communal relationship.
What is a communal society?
A communal society is a type of society in which the population is small and the people share things in common as brothers and sisters. Examples of communal societies are villages, hamlets, camps, etc.

Characteristics Of Communal Society

  • Communal community is usually very small.
  • It is usually homogeneous in nature.
  • Majority of the people engage in primary activities e.g. farming.
  • Majority of the people are not educated since its more of rural setting.
  • Houses are dispersed and may be separated by farmlands.
  • Social relationships are personal and intimate.
  • There is a strong sense of communal responsibilities and group solidarity among members of the community.

Inter-communal Relationship

What is inter-communal relationship?Inter-communal Relationship is the relationship between people from different communal societies. The relationship between people from different communities is based on economic,social and political activities. How these activities impact on inter-communal relationship are discussed below:

Economic Activities: Communal societies are basically agrarian in occupation and in most cases, the community produces the same type of agricultural products. Members of the community work together in clearing bushes and preparing farmland for planting and harvesting. In many parts of Nigeria, men are assisted by their wives to harvest agricultural product, others in the community may be engaged in some specialized occupations such as pot-making, mat weaving, blacksmithing, hunting and traditional medicine.

Social Activities: Communal societies encourage inter-communal marriages, worshipping in common ancestral shrines, and belief in a god or goddess. They also work together in digging wells and ponds, maintenance of common markets and clearing of roads. This helps to promote the spirit of solidarity, oneness and healthy community life.

Political Activities: Political activities in communal societies include the grouping of people into different age-grades, selection of leaders, enforcement of local customs, punishment of erring members and assignment of roles. Leaders are periodically chosen and replaced. It should be noted however, the most communal societies practice direct democracy.

Skills That Promote Inter-communal Relationship

Like interpersonal relationship which was discussed in our previous lesson, there are also skills that help to promote inter-communal relationship. These skills are:
  1. Ability to tolerate members of the communities.
  2. Respect for human rights.
  3. Access to justice whenever the need arises.
  4. Inter-communal marriages.
  5. Engagement in sport activities.
  6. Good governance.

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Lesson Evaluation / Test

  1. What is  Inter-communal relationship?
  2. What are the characteristics of communal society?
  3. Mention and explain the activities common in communal society.
  4. Mention the skills that promote inter-communal relationship
Questions answered correctly? Bravo!
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Fundamentals of Civic Education for Senior Secondary Schools, Book 2, Sola Akinyemi.

Civic Education for Senior Secondary Book 2, R.W. Okunloye et.al.

Felix et.al (2018). Civic Education for Junior Secondary Schools Book 2. University Press Ibadan.