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LESSON OBJECTIVE: By the end of the lesson, the learners should be able to:

1: Define the term values;
2. Identify the sources of values;
3. State the factors that influence our values;
4. Define socialization;
5. Mention four agents of socialization;
6. Mention five importance of values.

Value is the acceptable way of living considered as normal by a particular group of people. Values are also defined as the degree of importance an individual attaches to a particular thing. Values also mean the worth of a particular thing in monetary terms. Value refers to what a society regards as very important and is held in high esteem.

It helps individuals to make decisions.
Value promote positive relationship among different people.
Values promote peace and progress of the society.
Values enable us to choose friends that share the same values.
Values help to regulate people’s behavior.
Values enable people to obey the rules and regulations of the country.
Values prevent people from making mistakes.


Individuals acquire values through the agents of socialization. Socialization is the process by which individuals learn the values and culture of the society. These agents of socialization are sources of values. They are:

Family: The family is the primary source of value. Children receive values from their parents.
Peer Group: Children learn from their peers
School: The schools inculcate values in the children and students.
Mass media e.g. Television, radio and newspapers.
Religion: The churches and mosques teach values.
Voluntary organizations e.g. red cross, girls guide, boys scout etc also teach values.


Equality: Understanding that everybody has the same rights irrespective of their ethnic groups and gender.
Honesty: Telling the truth, that is, meaning of what you say.
Respect: Treating everyone including yourself with dignity and respect.
Self – control: Being able to control your own actions.
Responsibility: We should carry out our duties and must be responsible for our actions.
Social Justice: We should treat people equally and fairly.

Values Clarification
Being clear about our own values and beliefs helpus to make decisions that feel right to us.
Value clarifications serve as a guide to achieve set goals in life.
Values clarifications help us to become the kind of person we want to be and live the kind of life we want to live.
Values clarifications prevent us from making mistakes in life.
Values clarifications serve as a guide in our relationship with other people.


1: Define the term values.
2. Identify the sources of values.
3. What are the factors that influence our values?
4. Define socialization.
5. Mention four agents of socialization.
6. Mention five importance of values

Questions answered correctly? Kudos!

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