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Lesson Note

Subject: Christian Religious Studies
Topic: Independence and Self-Actualization
Lesson Objectives: At the end of the lesson, learners should be able to:
i. Explain the concept of “Skill Acquisition and Empowerment”,
ii. Recognise the power of creativity that is latent in them,
iii. Identify different things which they can do with their hands.


Independence means freedom from the control, influence, support, aid or the like of others.
Self-Actualisation is the term used to describe the ongoing process of fully developing your personal potential. It refers to the desire for self-fulfillment.
The first thing to note about self-actualisation is that it is not a problem and not a goal, that is, self-actualisation is not something that you aim for; it is something that you do. The second thing to note is that self-actualisation is not restricted to high profile, high achieving individuals. You do not have to be famous to self-actualize.

Characteristics of Self Actualized People

i. Acceptance of Realism: Self-actualised people have realistic perceptions of themselves, others and the world around them.
ii. Spontaneity: Self-actualised people are spontaneous in their internal thoughts and outward behaviour. While they can conform to rules and social expectations, they also tend to be open and unconventional.
iii. Problem Centering: Self-actualised individuals are concerned with solving problems outside themselves, including helping others and finding solutions to problems in the external world. These people often motivated by a sense of personal responsibility and ethics.
iv. Autonomy and Solitude: self-actualizers are independent and resourceful. While they enjoy the company of others, these individuals need time to focus on developing their own personal potentials.
v. Fresh and Renewed Appreciation: Self-actualizers tend to view the world with a continual sense of appreciation, wonder and awe. Even simple experiences continue to be a source of inspiration and pleasure.
vi. Critical Thinking: Self-actualized people are not easily fooled. They are both open-minded and skeptical, willing to consider all ideas, but totally willing to dismiss them if they do not stand up to critical analysis.

Skill Acquisition and Empowerment

Skill is the ability and knowledge to lay hands on good things. Empowerment is the ability to develop the youth in such a way that they will be useful future leaders. Youths should be trained on skill development. The skill they acquire support them in earning a living, solving other problems. Examples of the skills that can be learned are, furniture making, card designing, plumbing, welding, mechanics, writing skill, tailoring, hair dressing, printing, vulcanising and so on.

Types of Empowerment Skills

1. Life Coping Empowerment Skill: This is that skill which enhance effective development of an individual to become an active member of the community. It enhances the individual to be self-sustained and self-reliable.
2. Intellectual Empowerment Skill: This has to do with educational development of individual. It involves activities that develops the logical thinking in an individual which will enable them to be logical, analytical and hardworking.
3. Communicate Empowerment Skill: This has to do with the development of basic communication skill in an individual. It involves receptive skill such as listening and reading. It also invites expressive skills such as writing and speaking.
4. Creative Empowerment Skill: This entails the process of developing the creative integrity of individuals in the area such as writing singing, dancing, entertainment and so on.
5. Physical Empowerment Skill: This has to do with the development of the spirit and the art of sportsmanship in the individuals. It entails stimulating them towards developing interest in sports such as football, basketball, volleyball, swimming, running and so on.
6. Economic Empowerment Skill: This is the process of developing the economic potentials of individuals so that they can be financially resourceful. It entails exposing the youth to basic entrepreneurship skills such as tailoring, printing, hairdressing and so on.

Jesus The Carpenter’s Son (Matthew 13:55, Mark 6:3)

“Is not this carpenter’s son? Is not his mother called Mary? And his brethren James and John and Simon and Judas?
Jesus was recognised by his country people as the son of a carpenter. Joseph, father of Jesus Christ was a carpenter by occupation and through this, he was able to raise Jesus and his brothers, took care of his family needs.

The Apostles as Fishermen (John 21:1 – 8)

After the death of Jesus, Simon Peter, Thomas called Didymus, Nathaniel of Cana in Galilee, and the sons of Zebedee, and two other disciples were together. Peter said to them, “I go a fishing” and they replied him that they would go with him. They went forth and entered into a ship immediately. But they did not catch fish that night.
They cast their net therefore, but were not able to pull the net because of many fishes. The disciple Jesus love told Peter that it was the Lord. When the Simon Peter heard that it was Jesus, he girt his fisher’s coat and cast himself into the sea. Other disciples came in a little ship to the land dragging the net with fishes.
This story shows that the disciples of Jesus acquired skill of fishing. They went fishing after the death of Jesus. When they could not catch fishes, Jesus appeared to them and commanded them to cast their net again, this time, they caught many fishes.
Jesus multiplied what they had in their hands.

Lessons to Learn

Self-actualization, Skill Acquisition and Empowerment make you desist from depending on people or government to provide job, you become active member of the society who contribute meaningfully and constructively to its development.
You become skillfully competent, there will be manpower for various jobs that people need to do in the nation.
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Take a quick test for this lesson
i. Explain the terms skill acquisition and Empowerment
ii. List and explain four types of Empowerment Skills
iii. Narrate the story of Peter and other disciples when they went fishing as recorded in John 21:1 – 8.

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