**PHYSICS SCHEME OF WORK FOR SS2**

**PHYSICS SCHEME OF WORK FOR SS2 FIRST TERM**

**1 HEAT ENERGY**

-Temperature and its measurement

-Types of thermometer

-Absolute scale of temperature

Project: Teacher to guide students on calibration of a thermometer in Celsius scale.

**2 HEAT ENERGY MEASUREMENT**

-Concept of specific heat capacity

i) Its measurement

ii) Its significance

The teacher leads the students on how to determine the specific heat capacity of

-A solid

-Liquid, using method of mixture

**3 HEAT ENERGY MEASUREMENT**

-Latent heat

-Evaporation, boiling and sublimation

-Relative humidity and due point

The teacher guides the students on the determination of the specific latent heat of fusion of ice/specific latent heat of vaporization of steam by method of mixtures

**4 GAS LAWS**

-Measurement of gas pressure

-Barometers in practical use

-Boyle’s Law and its application

-Charles Law and its application

-The pressure law

-The general gas law

The teacher to demonstrate Boyle’s law using Boyle’s law apparatus.

**5 PRODUCTION AND PROPAGATION OF WAVES**

-Production of mechanical waves

-Pulsating system

-Students to generate mechanical waves using ropes and springs.

-The teacher to set up the ripple tank and demonstrate how it is used to generate various waves.

i) Energy transmitted with definite

speed, frequency and wave length

-Wave form

i) Description and graphical

representation

-Mathematical relationships among: f, λ, T and V

**6 TYPES AND PROPERTIES OF WAVES**

-Longitudinal waves

-Transverse waves

-Wave equation:

Y= Asin(wt-2πx/λ)

-Properties of waves:

Reflection, Refraction, Diffraction, Interference, Polarization

The teacher to use the ripple tank to demonstrate the interference of water waves.

**7 LIGHT WAVES**

-Sources of light

-Light and matter

-Transmission of light shadows, Eclipse, the pinhole camera

Project: Students to be guided on how to construct a pinhole camera

**8 LIGHT WAVES**

-Reflection of light at plane and curved surfaces

-Laws of Reflection

-Formation of images by plane and curved mirrors

-Application of plane and curved mirrors

Project: Students to construct a simple periscope.

Teacher to guide the students on the determination of the focal length of a concave mirror.

**9 LIGHT WAVES**

-Refraction of light through rectangular glass block

-Laws of refraction

-Real and apparent depth

-Total internal reflection

-Critical angle

Teacher to lead the students to verify Snell’s law using a rectangular glass block

**10 LIGHT WAVES**

-Refraction of light through triangular glass block

-Angle of minimum deviation

-Totally reflecting prisms

Teacher to guide the students to verify Snell’s law using triangular glass block

**11 LIGHT WAVES**

-Dispersion of white light

-Refraction of light through

converging and diverging lenses

-Images formed by lenses

The teacher to demonstrate the dispersion of light by a triangular

glass prism

The teacher to lead the students to verify the lens formula using illuminated object

**12 APPLICATION OF LIGHT WAVES**

-Simple camera and film projector

-The human eye

-The simple microscope and compound microscope

-Telescope

-Prism binoculars

**Project**: Teacher to guide the students to construct a simple box

camera

**13 REVISION**

**14 EXAMINATION**

**PHYSICS SCHEME OF WORK FOR SS2 SECOND TERM**

**1 SOUND WAVES**

-Sources of sound

-Transmission of sound

-Speed of sound in solid, liquid, and gas

-Characteristics of sound

**The teacher **guides students to demonstrate that sound does not

travel in a vacuum by using the electric bell enclosed in a bell jar

**2 SOUND WAVES**

-Noise and music

-Forced vibration-Resonance, harmonics and overtones

-Stationary waves

**The teacher** guides students to demonstrate forced vibration with the resonance tubes and sonometer.

**3 APPLICATION OF SOUND WAVES**

-Vibrations in strings and pipes

-Wind instruments

-String instruments

-Percussion instruments

-Echoes and their application

-Hearing aids

**Project**: Teacher to guide the students on how to construct any local musical instrument of their choice

**4 MOLECULAR THEORY OF MATTER**

-Pressure in fluked

i) Concept of pressure

ii) Pressure in liquids

iii) Atmospheric pressure

-Applications of atmospheric and gas pressure

-Pascal’s Principle

Using a small open can, teacher should demonstrate increase of

pressure with depth

**Project**: Teacher to guide the students to construct a hydraulic press

**5 ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES**

-Electromagnetic spectrum

**The teacher **leads the students on different types of radiation in

electromagnetic spectrum

**6 GRAVITATIONAL FIELD**

-Gravitational force between two masses (Newton’s law of

universal gravitation)

-“G” as a universal constant

-Gravitational potential

-Escape velocity

**The teacher** discuss the movement of the planets in the solar system using a chart

**7 GRAVITATIONAL FIELD**

-Solar system

-Kepler’s laws

**The teacher **to show films on the launching of satellite

Natural and artificial satellites

**8 ELECTRIC FIELDS**

-Production of continuous charges: primary cells, secondary cells

-Electric Circuit: series and parallel arrangement of cells and resistors

**The teacher** leads the students on how to arrange cells in series and in parallel and determine the resultant e.m.f

**9 ELECTRIC FIELDS**

-E.m.f of a cell

-Internal resistance of a cell

-Standard resistors and rheostats

-Resistivity and conductivity

**The teacher** to guide the students on the use of potentiometer wire to:

i) Measure e.m.f

ii) Compare the values of two e.m.f

**10 ELECTRIC FIELD**

-Shunts and multipliers (Galvanometer conversions)

-Principle of the potentiometer

-Wheatstone bridge

-Meter bridge

**The teacher **guides the student on how to set up potentiometer circuit and calibrate it.

**11 Revision Revision**

**12 Examination Examination**

**PHYSICS SCHEME OF WORK FOR SS2 THIRD** **TERM**

**1 ELECTRIC FIELD**

-Electrical conduction through liquids(Electrolysis)

i) Electrolytes and non-electrolytes

ii) Dynamics of charged particles(ions) in electrolytes

iii) Voltameter

iv) Examples of electrolysis

-Faraday’s law of electrolysis

-Applications of electrolysis

**Activities: The teacher **leads the students to identify solutions that conduct

electricity and those that do not

**2 ELECTRIC FIELD**

-Conduction of electricity through gases

-Hot cathode, thermionic emission

-The diode valve

-Application of hot cathode(thermionic) emission

i) Cathode-ray oscilloscope

**The teacher** to lead discussion on how the reduction in pressure of a gas in a suitable container is applied in the fluorescent tube and cathode ray oscilloscope

**3 ELECTRIC FIELD**

** **The teacher guides the students on how to calculate the electric force between two points charges in free space and to compare this force with the gravitational force between two protons

Electric force between point charges(coulomb’s law)

**4 ELECTRIC FIELD**

-Concept of electric field

i) Electric field intensity

ii) Electric potential

-Capacitors and Capacitances

i) Definition

ii) Arrangement of capacitors

-Energy stored in a capacitor

-Application of capacitors

**The teacher** leads the students to determine the equivalent

capacitance for; series and parallel arrangement of capacitors

**5 MAGNETIC FIELD**

-Concept of magnetic field

i) Properties of magnet

ii) Magnetic flux and flux density

-Magnetic field around:

i) A bar magnet

ii) A straight conductor carrying current

iii) A solenoid

-Methods of making magnets

-Methods of demagnetization

**The teacher **demonstrate how to distinguish between magnetic

and non-magnetic materials

**6 MAGNETIC FIELD**

-Magnetic properties of iron and steel

-Magnetic screening or shielding

-Electromagnets and application of electromagnet

-Temporary magnet

i) The electric bell

ii) Telephone earpiece, etc

**The teacher** guides the students on how to investigate the field

around a conductor by using a compass needle and iron fillings

**7 MAGNETIC FIELD**

-The earth’s magnetic field

i) Magnetic elements of a place

*Angle of declination

*Angle of dip

*Horizontal component of the earth’sbmagnetic field

-Bar magnet in earth’s field: Neutral point

-Mariner’s compass

**The teacher** leads the students on how to suspend a bar

magnet horizontally and locate the earth’s N-S direction

**8 ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD**

-Magnetic force on a charge moving in a magnetic field

-Concept of electromagnetic field

-Interaction between magnetic field and

**The teacher** guide the students to investigate the effect of passing current through a solenoid in a magnetic field currents in:

i) A current –carrying wire in a magnetic field;

ii) A current-carrying solenoid in a magnetic field

-Applications of electromagnetic field:

i) Electric motor

ii) Moving coil galvanometer

**9 ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD**

-Electromagnetic induction

-Faraday’s law

-Lenz’s law

-Motor generator effect

-Eddy currents

**The teacher** guide the students to investigate the effect of

rotating wire in magnetic field

**10 ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD**

-The transformer

-Power transmission

-The induction coil

**The teacher** guides the students to investigate the effect of

moving a magnet in a solenoid or coil carrying current near a

solenoid

**11 Revision Revision**

**13 Examination Examination**