Agriculture as a subject, is the art and science of cultivating crops and rearing of animals for food, to satisfy the immediate need of man and the entire society. The role of Agriculture in a nation’s development can not be over emphasized. As a student at the junior secondary one level, the following topics are what you are expected to learn from the Agricultural Science. So while you are home for the COVID 19 pandemic, get learning materials on the subject and use this scheme of work as a guide to study.

AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE SCHEME OF WORK FOR JSS1 FIRST TERM

1. Meaning and importance of Agriculture in the society
– Definition of Agriculture
– Importance of agriculture e.g. source of food, clothing, income and employment.
Teacher: guides classroom discussion, exhibits photographs of people engaged in agricultural activities.
Students: to identify areas of importance.
2. The Topic Continues
3. Types of Agricultural practices in the localities
– Pastural farming
– Crop production
– Fish farming
Teacher: guides classroom discussion on the type of
agricultural practices.

4. The Topic Continues
5. Agricultural Activities
– Growing of crops
– Rearing of animals
– Processing of agricultural produce
– Marketing of agricultural produce
– Preservation/storage of agricultural produce
Teacher: guides class to discuss on forms of agricultural activities.
Gives a broad summary

7. Classes and uses of crops Teacher guides discussion on

Identification mono cotyledon crops and examples
– Identification of dicotyledonous crops and examples various plant forms
8. The Topic Continues
9. Classification of crops

Classification of crops based on life-span
e.g. (a) Annuals (b) Biennials (c)Perennials
Teacher: displays samples of crops from each of the classes for
students to see
10. The Topic Continues
11. Classification of crops

Classification of crops based on uses and the nature of produce e.g. (a) tuber/root (b) cereals (c) fruits (d) vegetables (e) oil crops
(f) spices (g) latex (h) fibre (i) Beverages.
Teacher: provides students with different types of crops and ask
them to classify based on forms, life span, uses and types.
Teacher gives a broad summary
12. The Topic Continues
13 Revision Revision
14 Examination Examination

AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE SCHEME OF WORK FOR JSS1 SECOND TERM

1 Classification of farm animals
– Work animals
– Diary animals
– Guard animals
– Poultry
– Aquatic animals
– Pets
Teacher guides students in observing and identifying farm animals
2. The Topic Continues
3. The Topic Continues
4 Classification of farm animals continues
Classification of farm animals based
on: (i) size (large or small)
ii. Habitat (aquatic/terrestrial)
iii. Stomach (ruminant and non-ruminant)
Teacher displays charts showing external features of some farm animals.

5. The Topic Continues
6 Characteristics of farm animals
Essential characteristics of each type of farm animals
7. The Topic Continues
8 Uses of farm animals
– Work animals
– Sports
– Guard
– Hide and skin
– Source of manure
Teacher explains the various use of farm animals.
Teacher gives a broad summary
9. The Topic Continues
10. Factors of Agricultural production
– Land
– Labour
– Capital
– Management
i. Students states the factors of production
ii. Discusses the importance of each factor in production
11 Revision Revision
12 Examination Examination

AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE SCHEME OF WORK FOR JSS1 THRID TERM

1 Weeds
– Definition of weeds
– Characteristics of weeds
– Identification of common weeds in the localities
Teacher: demonstrates chemical control of weeds
2. The Topic Continues
3. Uses of weeds
– Medicinal weeds
– Food
– Feeds for animals
Teacher: displays pictures and charts of use of weeds
4. The Topic Continues
5. Effects of weeds and control measures
– Explain the effects of weeds
Teacher: highlights the effect of weeds control methods on vegetation and soil

Control method
(chemical, cultural methods)
– Effects of weed control chemicals (herbicides)
6. The Topic Continues
7. Agricultural Pests
– Definition of pests
– Classification of Pests
e.g. insect, birds, mammals and rodents
Teacher: displays pictures and charts of crop pests of the locality
8. The Topic Continues
9. Classification of insect pests
– Classification based on:
(a) mouth parts
(b)piercing (c) sucking
(d) biting and chewing
Teacher displays specimen of insect pests

10. The Topic Continues
11. Nature of Damages caused by crop pests
– Effects of pests on crops:
a. Reduction in quality of produce
b. Reduction in value of produce.

Teacher: discusses the nature of damages done by pests.
Gives a broad summary

12. Revision Revision
13. Examination Examination

Note: For teacher, learner, or parent, who may be finding it difficult to get full content on the topics of this scheme, do note that well and fully developed lesson contents on this subject will be made freely available soon.