Basic Science And Technology Scheme Of Work For JSS 1 First Term, Second Term, And Third Term.
Basic science is a subject that covers knowledge of living and non-living things of the environment. It was mainly focused on life, chemical, and physical science. However, recently, technological aspect of science has been incorporated into it, making the subject to stand as Basic Science And Technology. Most teachers and students are aware of these changes but for parents who are seeing or hearing it for the first time, should not be confused. So as you go through the topics in the scheme given below, you will see topics relating to computer studies, technical drawings, and basic science. These three subjects have become one now known as Basic Science And Technology, abbreviated as B.S.T. So, as we stay back home for the COVID 19, this scheme should be able to guide you teach your wards the contents of this subject. Below is the scheme of work for Basic Science And Technology for junior secondary one. It contains topics, subtopics, learners and teacher’s activities. I do hope you find it useful.
BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY JSS 1 FIRST TERM
1 LEARNING ABOUT OUR ENVIROMENT
Living things and non living things.
Teacher’s Activities: The teacher should take learners on nature walk to collect different samples of matter, lead learners on discussion on the three states of matter. That is, solid, liquid and gaseous state.
Learners Activities: The learners are to observe the collective specimens and group them into living and non-living things as instructed by the teacher.
2 COMMUNITY HEALTH
a. Meaning of Community Health
d. Balance diet
Teacher’s Activities: The teacher should present and discuss picture of healthy and unhealthy life styles and environment. Explain how heredity, environment and life style affects individual.
Learners Activities: The learners should Listen attentively to the teacher’s explanations on ways of dispensing sewage and refuse in the home. They should also narrate to the teacher how they dispose these waste.
3 COMMUNITY HEALTH II
a. Determinant of health
b. Characteristics of healthy person
c. Drugs and substances abuse.
d. Examples and effects of drugs.
Teacher’s Activities: The teacher should explain in the concept of the lesson listed above as she allow learners to take part in the it 4. PHYSICAL FITNESS AND BOFY CONDITIONING
a. Meaning of physical fitness
b. Components of physical fitness
c. Characteristics of physical fitness
d. Factors that can affect our physical fitness
e. Exercises to develop our endurance and flexibility.
Activities: The teacher should lead explanation and discussion on the components of physical fitness, engage the learners on some exercises that help in developing strength, agility, endurance and flexibility, should also state the precautions to be taken before and during performing exercise as she demonstrate before the learners.
5. ATTHLETICS (TRACK AND FIELD EVENT)
a. Definition of the term Athletics. b. Components of Athletics
c. Describe basic skills in Discus and short-put.
d. Rules and regulation in Discus and short-put.
Teacher’s Activities: Should give detail explanation on the skills and technique involved in Short-Put and Discus.
Learners Activities: They should watch the teacher demonstrating the various skills. Note that it is necessary to do some warming up before engaging in any of these events.
6. SPORTS AND GAMES
a. Basic skills in Volley ball and Soccer
b. Rules and regulations in Volley ball and soccer
c. Officials and their duties/facilities and equipments.
Teacher’s Activities: The teacher should describe the sports Volleyball and soccer, demonstrate the technique and skills involved in playing the game, explain the rules and regulations involved in the game while learners listen, participate, and adhere to these rules given by the teacher.
Aids: The teacher would need a drawn and labeled Court/Pitch to facilitate this lesson.
7. UNDERSTANDING TECHNOLOGY
a. Meaning of basic Technology related occupation
b. Importance of technology
c. Properties of materials
d. Identification of woods materials and ceramics.
e. Physical properties of wood, metals and ceramics.
f. Type of wood, ceramics and metals
Teacher’s Activities: The teacher should explain to the learners that technology is universal and give illustrating reasons why both males and females should be encouraged to study technology.
Learners Activities: The learners should state the of importance of technology in our everyday life.
Aids: The teacher should get role model of males and females in technology even if is a cell phone repairer.
8 BASIC COMPUTER OPERATIONS AND CONCEPTS
a. Early counting devices
b. Mechanical and electro-mechanical devices
c. Electronic counting device
d. Generation of Computers
e. Computer system
Teacher’s Activities: The teacher is to lead the learners to a suitable Computer laboratory for exploration, guide them to identify ways of taking good care of the Computer room/laboratory.
Learners Activities: They should participate in class discussions and take precautions as they visit the computer lab.
9 ENVIROMENTAL POLLUTION I
a. Definition, meaning of pollution
b. Types, e.g. soil, water and air.
e. Demonstration in the class
g. Control measures.
Teacher: Lead students on discussion on soil and water pollution,
Carry out activities on water boiling, filtration, flower planting, film watching and recording of soil pollution from visited sites.
Guides learners to investigate the effect of pollution in soil, plants, animal, and environments.
10 PATHOGENS DISEASES AND THEIR PREVENTION
a. Meaning of pathogens diseases
b. Diseases caused by pathogens
c. List different types of pathogen diseases
d. List the preventive measures
i. Adequate Nutrition and Exercise
ii. Clean environment
iii. good hygiene
iv. Immunization, vaccination
v. Proper disposal of refuse and sewage.
Teacher’s Activities: The teacher should lead learners to discuss how diseases are caused by pathogen, give detail explanation on how to prevent diseases, raise questions on prevention of diseases, state the effects of diseases on health.
a. Meaning of Energy
b. Sources of Energy
c. Forms of Energy
d. Experimental/Practical showing Learners a panel of solar energy
e. Transformation of Energy
f. Uses of Energy
Teacher’s Activities: The teacher should Lead learners to state the sources of energy known to them, provide some materials for activities to illustrate forms of energy as he/she must have discussed with them.
Learners Activities: The learners should state sources of energy, describe the actions as indicated on the chart presented by the teacher.
a. Safety guideline for pedestrian
b. Safety guideline for cyclist and motor cyclist
c. Safety guideline for motorist.
Teacher’s Activities: The teacher should state the meaning of pedestrian, safety guidelines for pedestrian e.g. walking on the left hand side facing oncoming vehicle and allow learners state their experience on the pedestrian route.
13 Revision Revision
14 Examination Examination
BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY JSS1 SECOND TERM
1. WORKSHOP SAFETY,
a. Causes of workshop accident
b. Types of workshop accident
c. Safety devices in workshop
d. Safety rules and regulation
Teacher Activities: The teacher should explain the meaning and causes of workshop accidents, lead the class on discussion on types of activities that occur in work shop places.
Learners Activities: listen, Practice some workshop accidents preventive measures as directed by the teacher.
2 WORKSHOP II
a. Computer Management ethics.
b. Laboratory rules and regulation.
Activities: The teacher should lead the learners to observe safety rules and regulations whenever in workshop places.
Instructional aids such as Safety devices, e.g. fire extinguishers, sand bucket.
3 CONTACT AND NON-CONTACT SPORT
a. Meaning of contact and non-contact sports.
b. Types of contant and non-contant sports e.g. wrestling, judo, swimming gymnastics e.t.c
c. Practical talking students to swimming pools.
d. Basic skills in contact and non-contact sports.
e. Benefit of contact and non-contact sports.
f. Officials and their duties.
Teacher’s Activities: The teacher should define the term contact and non-contact sport, list examples of them, demonstrate the various skills involved in the contant and non-contact sport, list safety measures in contact and non-contact sports, enumerate the benefit derived from contact and non-contact sport.
4 RENEWABLE AND NON RENEWABLE ENERGY
c. Uses and misuse
d. Energy and society
Teacher’s Activities: The teacher should initiate and lead discussion on renewable and non-renewable energy.
Learners Activities: They are to Participate in discussions and note the main ideas.
5. FORCES I
a. Meaning and types of forces
b. Contact and non contact forces
c. Magnetive and gravitational force
Activities: The teacher should guide the learners through the activities of pushing and pulling, squeezing, bending and stretching of objects.
Aids: The teacher should make available chart showing contact and non-contact forces.
6 FORCES II
a.Calculation of gravitational force
b. Balance and un-balance force
c. Friction, uses advantages and disadvantages
d. Provide chart showing contact and non-contact force
Activities: The teacher should guide the learners to calculate
gravitational force using the formula GF=mgh
7 MATERIAL PROCESSING
1. Identification of materials and properties.
a. Wood, metal ceramics
Activities: The teacher is to guide the learners to identify building materials, explain the uses of the different building materials while the learners pay attention to lesson.
8 APPLICATION OF IT IN EVERY DAY LIFE
a. Use of IT
c. Timing and control
d. Organization processing/Management
e. IT and society
Teacher’s Activities: Prepare charts to identify it uses in every day life, Show video clips of IT uses in every day life
Learners: Watch video and note how IT influences daily lives of people, Participates in class discussion.
9 BUILDING MATERIALS
a. Common building materials
b. Uses of the building materials.
Teacher’s Activities: The teacher should explain the meaning of building materials, guide learners to identify building materials and the various types.
10 DRAWING INSTRUMENTS
a. Drawing instruments and materials.
b. Basic techniques of handling instruments and materials
c. Practical: teacher demonstrating and students practice appreciable techniques of handling instruments.
d. Uses and care of drawing instruments and materials.
Activities: The teacher should explain the concept of drawing instruments, display drawing instrument and materials, guide learners to identify and name drawing instruments and materials.
Learners: The learners should Use various drawing instruments to construct shapes under the guidance of the teacher.
11 Revision Revision
12 Examination Examination
BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY JSS 1 THIRD TERM
1 SCIENCE DEVELOPMENT I
a. Gravitation and weightlessness
b. The earth space
c. Identification of component of solar energy
d. Rotation and revolution of the earth
Teacher’s Activities: The teacher should demonstrate the effect of gravitational pull objects, lead the learners to demonstrate the
effect of gravitational objects and the moon
Learners Activities: They are to watch and comment on films/picture clippings, participates in class and group work discussions, carry out demonstrations on gravitational activities on weighing themselves and recording of individual weight.
2 SCIENCE DEVELOPMENT II
a. Space travel
c. Benefits and danger of space travel
3 TOOLS, MACHINES AND PROCESSES
a. Workshop hand tools
. Measuring tool
. Setting and marking out tools
. Driving tools
. Burning tools
. Holding tool devices
. Cutting and pairing
. Care and maintenance of all
Teacher’s Activities: The teacher should lead class discussion on measuring and types of maintenance practice, demonstrate different methods of caring and maintaining workshop tools and machines.
Learners Activities: Understand simple maintenance of tools and machines, e.g. Regular cleaning, oiling and greasing of simple machines and tools. The learners should watch and practice this too at their respective homes.
4 METAL WORK AND TOOL
. Marking out tools
. Measuring tools and gauges
. Driving and cutting tool
. Care maintenance
. Display wood work hand tools.
Activities: The teacher should show a demonstration on the use of the various hand tools and learners should watch and partake in the demonstration.
5. BOARD PRACTICE
a. Basic board practice
b. Setting drawing paper on the board
c. Sharpening pencil to conical points and knife edge using the tee and set squares for drawing border, horizontal and practical lines.
Teacher’s Activities: Demonstrate correct techniques for :
Setting drawing paper on the board, Sharpening pencil to conical point, Positioning and drawing the little board
Learners Activities: They should watch the teacher’s demonstration and practice free hand sketching, Practice the technique.
6 FREE HAND
a. Basic free hand techniques of drawing line, curves, circles and
b. Practical inclusive
Teacher’s Activities: Demonstrate correct techniques of free hand sketching, assign free hand drawing tools.
Learners Activities: Watch the teacher’s demonstrations.
7 INFORMATION TRANSMISSIONS
1. Meaning of information transmission
Teacher’s Activities: Bring chart/picture of modern tool and for transmitting information, mention ancient methods of information transmission, mention the modern method of transmission information, lead learners to identify these tools.
Learners Activities: Follow the guidance of the teacher to classify information by mode of transmission.
8 DATA PROCESSING
a. Definition of data processing
b. Data processing cycle
d. Importance of Computer as a tool for data processing
Teacher’s Activities: Lead learners to define and identify data processing cycle/stages, discuss what each stage involves.
Learners Activities: Partake in the class discussion and copy the board summary into their note book.
9 RECREATIONAL LEISURE AND DANCE ACTIVITIES
a. Meaning of recreational leisure and dancing activities
b. Differences between Dance, leisure and recreational
c. Benefits of recreational leisure and dancing.
Teacher’s Activities: The teacher should invite traditional dancers to demonstrate some dancing skills.
Outline the benefits of recreational activities and dancing.
10 RECREATIONAL, LEISURE/DANCING ACTIVITIES
a. Demonstration of some local dances step.
b. Invites a traditional dancer to demonstrate some dancing skills.
c. Dancing competitions should be organized.
Teacher’s Activities: Explain the meaning of recreation, leisure and dance, guide the learners to identify the various components of recreation and dance.
Learners Activities: Listen to the teacher’s explanations and Practice some local dance.
11 FOOD AND NUTRITION
a. Meaning of food, and types of food.
b. Classes of food and importance
Teacher’s Activities: The teacher should explain the meaning of food and Nutrition, group food into different classes, explain the importance of food to the learners and the learners should in turn participate in the lesson activities by listening attentively to the teacher.
12 Revision Revision
13 Examination Examination
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