BUSINESS STUDIES SCHEME OF WORK FOR JSS 1 FIRST TERM, SECOND TERM AND THIRD TERM.
This scheme of work is designed to enable teachers, parents and learners have clue of what the terms hold so as to guide the learners study while observing the stay at home order due to COVID 19.
1 INTRODUCTION TO BUSINESS STUDIES
a. Business Studies
i. Office practice
c. Career Opportunities
Teacher’s Activities: The teacher should Explain the meaning of business studies and its importance. Lead learners to identify the components of business studies, Guide the discussion on the importance of and career opportunities in business studies.
Learners Activities: The learners are to state the meaning of business and its importance, participate in class discussion on the components of business studies.
Instructional aids: Diagram of various business enterprises should be shown with charts.
Instructional aids: Diagrams of various business enterprises:
Photographs of people doing different jobs in business.
2 THE OFFICE
a. An Office
ii. Types – small and large offices
b. Functions of an Office
c. The Different offices in an organization
Teacher’s Activities: lead discussion on the meaning and types of an office. Explain the functions of an office.
Learners Activities: participate in the discussion. List some functions of an office on the board.
Instructional aids: charts and diagrams of offices
3 THE OFFICE STAFF
The Clerical Staff: meaning,
Teacher’s Activities: Explain the meaning of a clerical staff. Guide the learners on the functions and qualities of a clerical staff.
Learners Activities: participate in the discussion of a clerical staff and mention the qualities and functions.
Instructional aids: charts, diagrams and pictures of a clerical staff.
4. OFFICE STAFF
Confidentiality of Office Information
RIGHT ATTITUDE TO WORK
Punctuality and Regularity
Teacher’s Activities: Explain the need for keeping information confidential in the office. Guide the discussion on punctuality and regularity.
Learners Activities: participate in the discussion; copy the notes from the chalk board.
Instructional aids: use relevant books and publications
5 DEVOTION TO DUTY
Effect on productivity and development.
Teacher’s Activities: Guide the learners on discussions on the meaning of devotion to duty.
Learners Activities: participate in the discussion on the effect of devotion to duty on productivity and development.
Instructional aids: charts, relevant books and publications
6 THE DEPARTMENTS IN AN OFFICE OR ORGANIZATION
Various Department in an Organization
Teacher’s Activities: Guide the discussion on various departments in an organization. Organize a visit to an a organization for learners to see these functions of the various departments.
Learners Activities: participate in the discussion and write report on visitation to an organization.
Instructional aids: charts, diagrams and photographs of departments in an organization.
7 THE DEPARTMENTS IN AN OFFICE OR ORGANIZATION
Functions of the Various Departments
Teacher’s Activities: Ask learners questions based on their experience during the visit.
Learners Activities: participate in class and copy notes the chalkboard.
8 INTRODUCTION TO COMMERCE
Activities which aid Commerce.
Teacher’s Activities: Explain commerce as trade and aids to trade. Lead discussion on different aids to trade.
Learners Activities: explain the different aids to trade which constitute commercial activities.
Instructional aids: photographs of banks, transport and traders, insurance, communication.
9 DIVISION OF COMMERCE
ii. Aids to trade
Types of Trade:
i. Home Trade
b. Retail sale
ii. Foreign Trade
Teacher’s Activities: explain the divisions of commerce. Draw a diagram showing divisions of commerce. Lead learners to mention products involved in home and foreign trades.
Learners Activities: State the divisions of commerce.
Draw the diagrams showing divisions of commerce in their notebooks. Copy notes from the chalkboard.
Instructional aids: Charts showing diagrams of commerce. Photographs of train, ship, lorry, airplane, warehouse etc.
i. Meaning of production
ii. Types of production – industry, commerce, services Industrial:
Teacher’s Activities: State the meaning of production and explain the types of production.
Learners Activities: Define production and identify the types.
Instructional aids: Charts showing types of projections
11 Commercial: trade and aids to trade.
Effects of production on environment or society
Arrange a visit to a workshop, carpentry shop, a hair salon and garden.
Learners Activities: State the effects of production on the environment.
Instructional aids: A newspaper cut, on the effect of pollution on the environment or society.
12 HONESTY IN BUSINESS
i. Meaning of truthfulness
ii. Attributes of truthfulness
iii. Factors that cause people to lie
iv. Rewards for being truthful
v. Consequences of not being truthful
vi. Meaning of fair play
vii. Attributes of fair play
Teacher’s Activities: Ask the students to explain truthfulness. Ask learners to enumerate the attributes of truthfulness. Ask the learners to list consequences of not being truthful. Ask the learners to explain the meaning of fair play and dramatise truthfulness. Provide learners with appropriate materials on truthfulness to read and ask them to write down lessons learnt.
BUSINESS STUDIES JSS 1 SECOND TERM
1 FACTORS OF PRODUCTION
Factors of Production
Teacher’s Activities: Discuss on the factors of production and give examples.
Learners Activities: Mention the factors of production. Instructional aids: Pictures of a business concern
Meaning of Occupation
Division of Occupation
Teacher’s Activities: Explain occupation and different
types or categories of occupation.
Students: enumerate different occupation
Materials: A chart showing the different
divisions of occupation.
i. Factors which affect occupation
ii. Differences between Direct and
Teacher’s Activities: Draw a diagram on the chalkboard to illustrate division of occupation.
Learners Activities: Copy the diagram and notes to their notebook.
4 ETHICS IN SOURCING CHEMICALS
a. Meaning of ethics
b. Ethics of sourcing chemicals
ii. Good handling techniques
iii. Good distribution
iv. Proper disposal
meaning and ethics guiding sourcing of chemical
Teacher’s Activities: Discuss the ethics of sourcing chemicals.
Learners Activities: Participate in discussing the meaning and ethics guiding sourcing of chemical From licensed chemical
Instructional aids: A charts, magazine, picture.
a. Meaning of:
iii. Self employment.
b. Facilities available for Self Employment
Teacher’s Activities: Explain the meaning of Entrepreneurship and enterprise. Discuss self employment.
Learners Activities: Listen and participate in class discussion, ask and answer questions.
Instructional aids: charts, video clips, textbooks
c. Successful Entrepreneurs
i. Your locality
Teacher’s Activities: lead discussion on successful entrepreneurs.
Learners Activities: The learners are to mention successful entrepreneurs and their secrets.
Instructional aids: Charts, video clips, etc.
7 Importance of entrepreneurship in:
Teacher’s Activities: Guide discussions on the importance of entrepreneurship.
Learners Activities: Listen attentively and participate in class discussion
8 FORMS OF BUSINESS ORGANIZATION
1. Meaning of business organisation
2. Types of business organisation
Teacher’s Activities: Lead discussion on ownership of
Business Organisations using charts.
Learners Activities: mention forms of business and explain Sole Proprietorship.
LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY
Discuss features of Partnership and limited liability company
Instructional aids: Company. Pictures, magazines.
10. COOPERATIVE SOCIETIES
Advantages and disadvantages of each form of business
Teacher’s Activities: The teacher should lead discussion on the features of cooperative societies. State advantages and disadvantages of each form of business organization. Instructional aids: Pictures, magazines.
BUSINESS STUDIES JSS 1 THIRD TERM
1. CONSUMER, MARKET AND SOCIETY
a. Meaning of:
b. Need for Consumer Education
c. Importance of Consumer Education
d. Consequences of lack of consumer education
Teacher’s Activities: The teacher should explain the meaning of consumer, market and society and discuss on the need for consumer education with appropriate illustration and examples.
Students participate in the discussion of consumer, market and society. Identify the need for consumer education.
Instructional aids: posters, charts showing market scenes.
2 NEED FOR MONITORING AND CONTROL OF CHEMICALS
a. Meaning of chemicals
b. Chemicals suitable and not suitable for use.
c. Need for monitoring and controlling:
Teacher’s Activities: The teacher should explain the meaning of chemical and discuss on the chemicals suitable and not suitable for use.
Learners Activities: The learners should participate in the discussion on the chemicals suitable and not suitable for use
and identify the need for the monitoring and control of food, drugs and chemicals.
Instructional aids: Textbooks and materials.
3 INTRODUCTION TO BOOK KEEPING
a. Meaning of Book Keeping
b. Importance of Book Keeping
c. Essential qualities of book keeping
d. Common book-keeping practices
Teacher’s Activities: explain the recording of business
transactions and the principle of book-keeping.
Learners Activities: They should identify financial transactions and mention the importance of keeping financial records.
Instructional aids: Charts, receipts, invoices and adding machines to be used.
4 SOUCE DOCUMENTS
a. Meaning of source documents
b. Uses of source documents
a. Sales invoice
ii. Receipts for payments made
iii. Cash register tapes
iv. Credit notes
v. Debit notes
Teacher’s Activities: The teacher should explain the contents of each source document and list the uses of source documents.
Learners Activities: They are to identify different source documents and explain the uses of each source document.
Source documents, books of original entry, journals, calculator, chalk board to be used
a. Journal meaning
b. Types of journals
c. Forms of a journal
Teacher’s Activities: The teacher should define journal and guide the students to discuss the different types of journals.
Learners Activities: The learners are to observe a form of a journal as shown by the teacher.
Instructional aids: Ruler, pencil and specimen of source document to be used.
6 DOUBLE ENTRY BOOK KEEPING
a. Meaning of double entry book keeping
b. Double entry treatment of assets
c. Double entry treatment of liabilities
d. Double entry treatment of expenses.
Teacher’s Activities: The teacher should explain double entry book-keeping and state the rule for debit and credit entries.
Learners Activities: participate in the discussion on double entry and practice the problems involving debit and credit.
Sample Business transaction charts.
1. Meaning of ledgers
2. Classes of ledgers
3. Classification of accounts
Teacher’s Activities: explain ledger and discuss the differences between a journal and a ledger.
Learners Activities: The learners are to practice account opening and post entries
Instructional aids: A textbook is used.
8 INTRODUCTION TO KEYBOARDING
a. Meaning of keyboarding
b. Importance of keyboarding
c. Correct sitting posture for keyboarding
Teacher’s Activities: The teacher should write the meaning of key-boarding and guide the discussion on the importance of keyboarding
Learners Activities: As directed by the teacher, they should explain the meaning of keyboarding and list the importance of
keyboarding to individuals and business.
Instructional aids: Typewriter and computer to be used.
9. PARTS OF A COMPUTER KEYBOARD
a. Parts of the computer keyboard
b. The uses
c. Similarities and differences between the typewriter and
Teacher’s Activities: The teacher should discuss the different parts of the computer keyboard and their uses.
Learners Activities: The learners should examine the parts of a computer and typewriter keyboard
Instructional Aids: Computer and typewriter to be used.
10. CARE OF THE COMPUTER
a. Care of the computer
b. Items used for the care of the computer
c. The keyboard rows
d. Division of keyboard Left and right hand side
Teacher’s Activities: The teacher should discuss ways of caring for the computer and demonstrate how to take of computer.
Learners Activities: The learners should mention how to take care of the computer.
Instructional aids: Duster, dust cover and brush to be used.
11 THE RECEPTION OFFICE
a. Meaning of Reception Office
b. Meaning of Receptionist
i. Importance of a receptionist
ii. Qualities of a receptionist
iii. How to receive and treat visitors.
iv. Documents handled by the receptionist.
Teacher’s Activities: The teacher is to describe the reception office and explain with examples the meaning of and importance of a receptionist.
Learners Activities: The learners are to respond to questions from the teacher and explain the qualities of a receptionist.
Charts and diagrams of receptionist and samples of visitor’s book.
12 OFFICE CORRESPONDENCE
iii. Ways mails come into an organisation
iv. Handling of mails
Teacher’s Activities: The teacher should lead discussion on correspondence records, types and uses and outline the procedure for handling mail. The learners in turn should participate in the discussion.
Instructional aids: Specimen document of correspondence records.
That’s the scheme of work on business studies for junior secondary one. I do hope you find it useful and stay connected for more educational contents.