Of recent, Europe have been the destined place of many people especially those from underdeveloped and developing parts of the world. Just like every other great continents, Europe did not become successful over night. Here are the brief history of the journey to their success.
Europe started out like the rest of the world: by fostering the development of man as a being.
About 1.8 million years ago – The first human-like beings were said to have arrived Europe from Africa. Soon, Homo sapiens developed cultures in Central and Southwest Europe.
27th century BC – The Minoan civilization began flourishing in the Crete as a literate society. The Minoans had a system of administration and built elaborate palaces for it.
16,000 BCE – The Mycenaean civilization followed the Minoans. They built cities and had a system of warrior aristocracy.
Man had already advanced to form educated societies, with arts, science, and social studies.
Roughly 7th century BC – Ancient Greece dawned. This civilization brought forth great minds, like Socrates and Plato. King Philip II united the Greek states, and his son, Alexander the Great, extended the great culture to other states.
1st century BC – The Empire of Rome had risen. It then suffered civil wars, until, in year 313, Emperor Constantine officially embraced the Christian Church.
800 (year) – The great Roman Empire had been weakened by various conflicts. Charlemagne, a Frank ruler, became the Roman Emperor.
The Middle Ages were filled with even more conflicts and dark times.
500 – Although most of Europe had accepted Christianity, Rome had continually weakened. This initiated the Dark Ages, a period of deteriorated culture and economy.
1054 – The East-West Schism occurred, splitting Christian leaders and ending in a divided Church. Other forces, such as the Roman Catholic Inquisition, took place.
1300 – Many of the conflicts had ended, and Europe showed signs of recovery. But catastrophes struck, in the form of the Great Famine and the Black Death. Still, the people struggled to get well, through alliances and trades with other states.
Early Modern Europe
After the darkest night comes the bright morning. This was the rise of a modern continent.
14th century – An awakening began – the Renaissance. It was a period of flourishing philosophy, arts, science, and social studies. Great men came from this era – Michelangelo, Da Vinci, and Machiavelli, to name some. The Renaissance spread to many countries and lasted until the 17th century.
15th century – European nations began exploring the world, leading to the discovery of America and other countries. Trade and mercantilism greatly prospered.