This scheme of work contains week, topic /content and activity which are necessary for lesson planning.

1 speech comprehension
Listening comprehension: listen to speeches and other oral presentations for critical evaluation
Listen carefully to a given speech Meaning of critical evaluation
Aspect of critical evaluation
Essence of critical evaluation
Listen to selected passages on critical work Highlighting Facts
Explain what is required of critical evaluation in speeches,
listen to practice critical evaluation of the speeches through extensive discussion either in groups or as a whole class. Different facts from opinions in the speeches

Opinions deductions
Structure Introduction to clauses
features of a clause
types of clauses
dependent and independent clauses,
Explain what a clause is. List and explain the features of a clause. Explain the types and give examples of clauses
Vocabulary development
Words associated with agric and horticulture e.g. livestock and domestic animals, dairy products, land, flowers, plants,
farming animal disease, types of food produce, vetenary medicine farm manager
Explain agriculture and whorticulture. Mention and write
words associated with agriculture and horticulture.
Explain their meanings and used them correctly in sentences.
Teachers should encourage students to mention as many words as possible, and use them to make correct sentences and engage
students in spelling drills.
2. Speech Listening comprehension: listening to debates for main points and passing judgment Tape – recorded debates
Radio broadcast Short debates between two selected members of
the class as selected topics such as; rejection of fraud, cheating,
bribery and corruption, economy etc.
Explain what a phrase is and what a clause is. Differentiate between a phrase and a clause using examples. Identify phrases and clauses in sentence
Reading comprehension
Reading to answer question on a given passage
Read the passage carefully, identify difficult words, explain
their meanings and answer questions on the passage.
Vocabulary development
Words associated with commerce e.g. good/services, price index, market, buyer, seller, industry etc.
Explain commerce. Mention words associated with commerce. Explain their meaning, engage students in spelling drills. Use the words in sentences correctly.
3 Speech (oral) giving clear, concise and correct directions. Relevant textbooks and passages that have to do with new locations e.g. travelling to a new town, village, market, ways to cities

Explain what road sign boards are. Read posters and charts.
Listen attentively to discussion in class and exchange views on
the signs. Use these signs to give clear, concise and correct
directions in sentences. Put these directions down in writing.
Structure Noun clause: types and functions. E.g.
Noun clause
Noun clause as subject
Noun clause object etc
Grammatical function
Explain Noun clause. Cite many examples. Mention and explain the different types of
Noun clauses. Explain their functions and identify them in
sentences and passages in reading comprehension. The
teacher is advised to expose students to as many exercises
as possible on noun phrases to make them conversant with
the grammatical structure.
Summary Reading to summarize in a specific number of sentences
Read the passage carefully.
Identify topic sentences and main ideas. Summarize in a given number of sentences.

Continuous writing
Expository essay. E.g. Explain a process , An idea Give directions
Features; topics such as How to prepare a favourite meal,
societal ills and diseases
Explain expository essay. Readnand discuss model expository
essay. Identify features of an expository essay. Write a well
composed expository essay.

4 Speech Sentence stress: emphatic stress. E.g.
JAMES borrowed the novel
(James and not anybody else borrowed the novel)
Explain what emphatic stress is. Answer exercises on emphatic stress. Make sentences using emphatic stress
Structure Adjectival clauses:
Position in sentences and grammatical functions
Relative pronouns used to introduce Adjectival clauses. E.g. who,
which, whom etc
Explain what an Adjectival clause is. Cite many examples
using sentences. Engage in as many exercises as possible
and state the functions. Identify Adjectival clauses in sentences
and passages in reading comprehension. Make use of
Adjectival clauses in sentences.

Reading comprehension
Reading for implied meaning Read carefully to grasp main points extract main points from the passage and write the
difference between stated and implied meaning. Answer
questions on the passage.
Continuous writing
Article writing (introduction, illustration and practice)
Discuss the format for writing articles, expose students many
illustrations read and discuss a mode. Discuss past questions
(WAEC and NECO) on article writing. Write a well composed
5 Speech Consonant sounds: plosives; b/and/pl, it/and /d/, /k/ and /g/
Identify the sounds pronounce the sounds correctly, mention
words with the Consonant sounds. Expose students to letters represented by these sounds, use the words where they occur in sentences.
Students should be encouraged to mention as many words as possible, words with these Consonant sounds .
Structure adverbial clauses: types and functions
Explain what an adverbial clause is. Mention different types of adverbial clauses.
Identify the adverbial clauses in sentences and passage in
reading comprehension. State the functions of adverbial
clauses. Use the adverbial clauses in sentences correctly.
Reading comprehension
Reading for meaning in context
Read the passage carefully, bring out difficult words or key words, explain their meaning according to context of usage in passage substitute the words with another suitable words.
Answer questions on the passage read.
Continuous writing
Informal letter: features and language
Explain what an Informal letter is. Explain the features and language of an Informal letter.
Read and discuss a model
Informal letter. Discuss past questions (WAEC and NECO) on Informal letters and write well composed Informal letter.
6 Speech Speaking to persuade,convince and sway opinion on topics like;
Listen attentively to any of the topics discussed by the
teacher. List key words in the Cultism Population/family life

Environmental issues discussion, identify sentences types used for persuasion and give their opinions and any of the treated topics.
Structure Auxiliary verbs e.g. modal Auxiliary and primary Auxiliary verbs
Explain what Auxiliary verb is.
Mention and explain the types of Auxiliary verbs. Identify them
in sentences and use them to construct correct sentences.
Vocabulary development
Words associated with plumbing e.g. pipes, plumber, connect, plumb line, sink, tap etc.
Explain plumbing’ mention words associated with plumbing. Spelling drills on words associated with plumbing. Explain the meaning of the words and use them in sentences.
Continuous writing
Semi – formal letter
Difference between Semi –formal letter and informal letter
Explain what a Semi – formal letter is. Explain the features of
a Semi – formal letter. Read a comprehension Semi – formal
letter and discuss the features and context in relation to
language. Differentiate between a Semi – formal letter and informal letter. Discuss WAEC and NECO past questions on Semi – formal letters. Write a well composed Semi – formal letter.
7 Speech Consonant sound; nasal: /n/,/m/ and /g/
Identify the sounds in words.
Pronounce the words correctly. Mention words with the nasal
sounds. Identify the letters represented by the nasal sounds, give more examples of words and use the words in sentences.
Structure Concord (agreement between subject and verb)
Explain Concord between subject and verb in asentences. Give examples in sentences and explain the various ways of showing Concord between subject and verb
Summary writing Summarizing a given passage in a specific number ofsentences
Read the passage carefully.
Mention and discuss the main ideas in summarise the passage ina specific number of sentences. Continuous writing
Formal letter
Features of Formal letters
Explain what a Formal letter is.
Mention the various types and discuss them. List and explain
the features of a Formal letter.
Read a sample of a Formal letter in class. Discuss thecontent, features and language of a Formal letter with regards to the letter read. Discuss more past questions on Formal letters and write a well composed Formal letter.
Students should be exposed to the differences between the
different types of letters (formal, semi-formal, informal letter)
8 Speech Rhymes e.g. obtain – detain Explain rhymes, give examplesof rhyming words. Engage students in pronunciation drills .
Structure Adjuncts Identify Adjuncts. Explain what Adjuncts are. Give examples of Adjuncts and use them in sentences
Continuous writing
Exposition on scientific facts Explain Exposition and scientific facts. List and features of . Read and discuss a model Expository essay on scientific facts. Write a well composed expository essay.
Reading to answer questions on a given passage
Read passage carefully.
Mention and discuss main ideas. Identify and of key words. Answer questions on the passage. Consonants /s/and /z/, /s/ and
/z/, /ts/ and /dz/
Pronounce the Consonants.
Identify the Consonants . Identify their differences and give examples of letters represented by the sounds.
Give examples of words with the Consonants and use them in sentences
Structure Tag questions. e.g. this is your book. Isn’t it?
Identify Tag questions in sentence structures. Explain what they are. Give examples of Tag questions in sentences
Summary writing Using simple sentences in summary writing
Read passage carefully,
identify the main points in the passage. Write out the main
points using simple sentences.
Continuous writing
Argumentative essay (debate) Explain features of debate in writing with reference to opening vocatives, body and conclusion. Discuss and write a well composed debate.

10 Speech Sibilants and the ‘s’/’es’ suffixes
Identify these Sibilants.
Pronounce them correctly andidentify the changes in pronunciation as these suffixes are added to the root words.
Structure Complex, compound, compound complex sentences
Explain the different sentence structure and give examples of each.

Reading to answer questions on a given passage
Read the passage carefully, bring out the main points and answer questions on the passage.
11 Speech Revision of consonants Identify the twenty-four
consonants. Engage students
in pronunciation drills. Give
examples associated with the sounds.
Structure Idiomatic expressions e.g. under a cloud, take heart, hold your head high, etc.
Explain the meaning. Give examples of Idioms and explain their meanings and use them in sentences correctly.

Revision on guide lines to answering comprehension exercises
Practice on reading comprehension exercise
Summary writing Guidelines to answering summary writing exercise.
Practice on summary writing exercise
12 General revision General revision General revision
13 Examination Examination Examination

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