WK 1. Agricultural Laws and Reforms
Land ownership and tenure systems in Nigeria
State the different land tenure systems in Nigeria.
2 Land Use Act of Nigeria

Land use Act of 1978:
Features of the Act
The need for government to
enforce the law etc.
State and explain the different laws on land with emphasis on land use Act of 1978
3 Role of Government in Agricultural Production
Role of government in Agricultural production e.g.
Making of agricultural policies
Drawing of agricultural programmes
Provision of loan and subsidies
Provision of agricultural education etc.
Class discussion

4. Forest Management Forest management techniques:
Forest regulation
Selective exploration
Taungya system
Students should visit forest reserves

5. Diseases of crops
Diseases of major crops: e.g.
Cereals-smut, rice blast, leaf rust
Legume-cercosporal leaf spot, rosette
Beverages-cocoa blackpod, coffee leaf rust

Tuber – cassava mosaic virus, bacterial blight. etc.
i. Diseased crop items should be
observed to identify some crop diseases
ii. field observation and identification of different types of crop diseases and
mouldy grains in storage.

6. Symptoms and economic
importance of crop diseases
Describe the disease symptoms and
damage done to crops Symptoms of diseases: e.g. spots, yellowing, rots, wilting, stuntedness etc.
Economic importance: e.g. increase cost of production,
reduces quality of crops, reduces farmers income etc.

7. Preventive and Control Measures of diseases
Preventive and control measures:
Cultural methods
Biological methods
Chemical methods
i. State the control measures
ii. Identify some chemicals used

8. Pests of crops
Important insect pests of major crops:
Cereal – System borer, army-worm, ear-worm
Legume – pod borer, aphids, sucki bugs, leaf beetle
Beverage – cocoa myrids (capsids)
i. Students should collect and preserve some insect pests
ii. Definition of pest

9. Other important pests
Other important pests e.g.
Nature of damages done
Destruction of leaves
Destruction of tender stems
Destruction of root/tubers
Observe some damaged crops by rodents and monkey

10 Economic importance of selected pests
i. Economic importance of pests e.g.
– reduction in quality of crops
– reduction in quantity of crops
– makes vegetables unattractive and unmarketable etc.
ii. Preventive and control measures:
– cultural methods
– biological methods
– chemical methods
iii. Side effects of the various preventive and control methods:
– chemical pollution, poisoning etc.
Use sprayers and insecticides to control pests in the field.

11. Pasture and forage crops
Morphology of the common grass
and legume species of Nigerian pastures
Each student to collect a pasture and legume crop (a grass and a legume)

12. Types of Pastures
i. Types of pastures: permanent pasture, rotational pasture, temporary pasture, irrigated pasture.
ii. Factors affecting pasture:
iii. Management practices of a pasture land.
Prepare a pasture/forage album.

13 Revision Revision
14 Examination Examination


WK 1. Range Management and Improvement
Definition of rangeland
Importance of rangeland
Characteristics of rangeland
State importance of rangeland to livestock production.
2 Rangeland Improvement
Methods of rangeland improvement:
Controlled stocking
Rotational grazing
Use fertilizers
Reseeding etc.
Describe the methods of improvement
3 Animal Nutrition
Definition and meaning of nutrition
Sources and functions of nutrients e.g. carbohydrates, fats, minerals, vitamins, water and proteins.
Collect and identify samples of feeding stuff.
4 Rations
Types of ration: balanced ration etc.
Effects of malnutrition

Students should feed animals on the farm using various feeds.
5 Environmental factors affecting Agricultural Production
Climatic factors: rainfall, temperature, light, and wind.
Grow plants under different conditions of moisture and light, for
comparison purpose.

6 Biotic factors affecting agricultural production
Biotic factors: predator, parasites, soil micro organisms, pests and disease organisms etc.
Grow plants under different conditions of moisture and light, for
comparison purpose.
7 Edaphic Factors affecting agricultural production
Edaphic facrors: soil types, soil PH, soil texture etc.
Grow plants under different conditions of moisture and light, for
comparison purpose.
8 Plant nutrients
Definition of micro and macro nutrients, functions and
deficiency symptoms.
Prepare water/sand culture to demonstrate deficiency of various
elements in different crops.
9 Factors influencing availability of nutrients
Factors: soil PH, excess of other
nutrients, leaching, crop removal,
oxidation etc.
10 Methods of replenishing plant nutrients in the soil
Methods of replenishing plant nutrients:
Rotational cropping, organic manuring, inorganic
manuring, fallowing, liming, cover cropping etc.
Apply fertilizers to field crops.
11 Nutrients cycles Nitrogen cycle Carbon cycle Water cycle
Prepare charts of the nutrient cycles
12 Effects of farming practices on the soil
Farming practices and the soil effects: bush burning, over-grazing, clean clearing, stumping, fertilizer application,
inorganic manuring etc.
13 Revision Revision
14 Examination Examination


WK 1. Farm Machinery
Farm machinery:
Visit agro-service centres or mechanized farms and identify these farm machinery and implements.

2 Farm machinery continues
Milling machines etc.
Visit agro-service centres or mechanized
farms and identify these farm machinery and
3 Tractor – coupled implements
Tractor-coupled implements:
Ploughs, harrows, ridgers,
planters, harvesters, sprayers.
Name the major parts of tractor-coupled
implements and their functions.
4 Surveying and planning of farmstead
Definition of surveying and planning
Importance of farm surveying and planning.
Carry out the layout of the school farm.
5 Surveying equipment
Common surveying equipment e.g. ranging pole, measuring
tape, peg, hunters chain, theodolite etc.
Identify simple survey equipment
6 Planning of farmstead
Definition of planning
Importance of farm stead planning
Principles of farmstead planning.
Class discussion
7 Basic Economic Principles
Law of diminishing returns
Principles of demand and supply.
Use graphs to show response of prices to supply and demand.
8 Demand and Supply
Inter-relationship of demand and supply as it affects prices and
profits 9&10 Farm Accounts
Entries of sales and purchases.
Farm Accounts
Profit and loss accounts
Prepare entries of sales and purchases
Prepare profit and loss account
11 Practicals
Identification of pests
Identification of soils
Identification of rocks
Identification of farm
machines and their parts.
Collect pests, soil samples, rocks and identify them.

13. Revision

14. Examination

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